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HRM 593 Employment Law Final Exam Set 1 and 2 Complete Answer

HRM 593 Employment Law Final Exam Set 1 and 2 Complete Answer

Week 8 : Final Exam – Final Exam

Page 1

1. Carla Thomas, a nonsmoker, often encouraged her co-workers to quit smoking. Her new manager, Paul, a smoker, was annoyed by what he considered her constant nagging. He moved her desk from a separate room with a window to a cubicle surrounded by smokers, who smoked all day. Paul refused Carla’s request to create a no-smoking area in the office and he refused her request to be moved back to the separate room. After four weeks of breathing secondhand smoke, Carla quit. What, if any, recourse does Carla have against her former employer? Explain the possible legal theories for recovery, if any.
(Points : 40)

2. Mary Smith was an employee of Thomas Contracts, a pipeline construction company. Mary was supervised by H.D. Thomas, son of the owner of the business. She became involved in an affair with Thomas, who was married. Thomas ended the affair and subsequently fired Mary based on her performance since the affair began.

Mary filed a suit against Thomas Contracts, alleging that her discharge was due to gender discrimination, sex discrimination, and in violation of Title VII. Analyze and determine what important facts you would need to know in order to ascertain Mary’s likelihood of success here.
(Points : 50)

3. An ambulance service transports disabled individuals on a non-emergency basis. Jane was hired as a night dispatcher. She worked at home, and was required to be on duty to take calls for service from 5:00 p.m. to 8:00 a.m., Monday through Thursday, and from 9:00 p.m. Friday to 7:00 a.m. on Monday. She was paid $550 per month. She was not given any special training, she was simply instructed how to fill in record sheets, and how to call the ambulance crew to notify them of the service request. Jane was free to engage in personal business as long as it did not interfere with the calls, and was able to leave her home as long as she made sure that someone was available to answer the phone.

The ambulance company claimed that Jane was an independent contractor and was exempt from the FLSA’s overtime and wage requirements. Jane filed suit to collect overtime and minimum wage back pay under the FLSA. Determine whether she will succeed. If you determine that she will succeed, explain the remedies available. Support your position with any applicable laws.
(Points : 50)

4. A & Z, Co. had a workplace policy of prohibiting the hiring of family members of current employees. On a number of occasions, however, the male children of current male employees had been hired, but no female children had ever been hired, even though many applied. Also, no children, male or female, of any current female employee, had ever been hired, even though, again, many had applied.

The female child of a current male employee files a lawsuit. Determine the legal basis for the claim and assess the likelihood of prevailing against A & Z, Co. Also from an employer perspective, what suggestions would you make in terms of best practices to minimize future legal liability? Utilize applicable law in your response if possible.
(Points : 50)

5. After noticing some items stolen from the store, a manager asked an employee, Frank, to take a polygraph test. Frank refused, claiming that he did not steal anything and he was asserting his rights of privacy to not assert to the test. Frank also reminded Jeff that he did not have access to the area where the stolen items were kept. Jeff, while reminding Frank that employees have no right to privacy in the workplace, fired Frank because he refused to take the polygraph test. Frank intends to file suit. Assess the likelihood that Frank will prevail in the suit.
(Points : 40)

6. 39-year-old Jim, who works for a new 5 year company that employs 30 individuals, feels that he is being discriminated against at work because of his age. Besides the CEO, he is the only other employee who is over the age of 30. Despite a stellar work record, he has recently been demoted and he often hears other employees referring to anyone over 30 as over-the-hill. Jim feels very uncomfortable at work. Assess whether Jim can bring a valid claim of age discrimination in this situation. What will the employer say in its defense? Give some management tips to this company as it relates to avoiding age related claims in the future. (Points : 50)

Set 2

1. (TCO A) Nix has worked for ABC, Inc. for ten years. During the entire period of Nix’s employment, his performance had never been formally evaluated or criticized; he was never denied a raise or bonus. The company was doing extremely well, constantly hiring new employees. During the busiest time of the year, Nix told his boss that he had jury duty. Nix attended jury duty. Nix was terminated for refusing to decline to appear for jury duty. Even though the term of Nix’s employment is not specified by contract, does Nix have a cause of action against his employer arising out of the termination? Identify and analyze the possible causes of action available to Nix and the likelihood of prevailing in the litigation. Utilize applicable law to support your conclusions. (Points: 30)

2. (TCO B) Denora Sarin, a Cambodian immigrant and a practicing Buddhist, was employed as a systems engineer with Raytheon Company. Shortly after Sarin was assigned to work on a particular project, Goldberg, one of the workers, approached and taunted Sarin saying, “What’s Buddhism? What kind of Buddha do you worship—the skinny Buddha or the fat one? I want to fight you. You don’t fight me back.” Sarin also claimed to be physically harassed by another employee, but after Sarin reported the conduct to his supervisor, it was not repeated.

3. (TCO C) Matt worked for CTE as a management analyst. Matt suffered a heart attack and took medical leave from his job. Prior to the heart attack, his supervisor opened his locked drawer at work and found prescription drugs that were not prescribed to Matt. The supervisor thought Matt had been acting a bit strangely but decided he would confront him about it later. The supervisor did not confront Matt before the heart attack.

After six months, Matt was able to return to work on a part-time basis. Matt worked reduced hours for the next year. CTE was forced to reduce its workforce to cut costs. CTE conducted a performance appraisal of all managerial employees and discharged those with the lowest performance ratings. Matt, because of his part-time status, had one of the lowest performance ratings. The company did not look at performance pro-rata based on hours worked. Matt sued and alleged that he was wrongfully terminated in violation of the ADA. Matt alleged that his termination was a result of his disability. Identify and analyze the potential claims and defenses. Utilize case law to support your responses and conclusions.

(Points: 30)

4. (TCO D) A wrecking and heavy moving firm was moving a barn. As the barn was being towed across a field, it came close to three 7,200 volt power lines. A ball of fire was observed where the barn’s lighting rod either came to close to or actually touched, one of the power lines. Two employees were electrocuted and three more were injured. Analyzing the fact pattern, determine whether the company violated OSHA’s general duty clause, or was this merely an unfortunate accident? Assuming that passing close to the wires was unavoidable, identify the steps that the company might have taken to avoid the tragedy. (Points: 30)

5. (TCO E) Jerry Swanson owned Swanson Custom Cabinets. He works exclusively for Custom Kitchen Designs, Inc., building all of the cabinets for their clients. Mr. Swanson was injured on the job and filed a worker’s compensation claim which listed Custom Kitchen Designs as his employer. Based upon the foregoing, will Mr. Swanson be deemed an employee or an independent contractor? Analyze the fact pattern in conjunction with the legal factors that impact the employee versus independent contractor determination. Determine and explain the implications of this determination on Mr. Swanson’s worker’s compensation claim. Incorporate applicable law as you analyze and interpret the scenario in conjunction with the legal elements of the claims.

6. (TCO F) The retirees were employed by White Farms while the company was an affiliate of the White Motor Corporation. The dispute concerned the White Motor Corporation Insurance Plan for Salaried Employees, a non-funded, noncontribu­tory benefit plan that provided life, health, and welfare insurance, prescription drugs, hearing aid benefits, and dental care to retirees and their eligible dependents. White Motor employ­ees periodically received booklets describing their benefits under these plans.

The 1980 booklet described insurance pro­vided and carried the explicit disclaimer that it was “not the contract of insurance.” The book­let differentiated between different categories of salaried employees and appeared to have been prepared for distribution to both active and retired employees.

The 1985 booklet was addressed specifi­cally to retired employees. Much of the infor­mation in the booklet made no distinction between the Welfare Benefit Plan and the Pen­sion Plan, and its summary of an alleged can­cellation clause referred to both plans:

“The Company fully intends to continue your plans indefinitely. However, the Company does reserve the right to change the Plans, and, if necessary to discontinue them. If it is necessary to discontinue the Pension Plan, the assets of the Pension Fund will be used to pro­vide benefits according to the Plan document.”

No similar clause appeared in the 1980booklet.

While the company was undergoing court supervised reorganization under Chapter 11 of the Bankruptcy Code, it decided to dis­continue its noncontributory insurance coverage for its retired employees.

On the basis of the facts presented, assess whether the company is free to discontinue its noncontribu­tory insurance coverage for its retired employ­ees. Explain your conclusion and use applicable law to support your response.

7. (TCO G) Gomez, the hiring manager at a Sizzler restaurant in Arizona, extended an offer to Rodriquez after having a long-distance telephone conversation with him while Rodriquez was in California working for a Sizzler restaurant there. On Rodriquez’s arrival, Gomez asked to see evidence of Rodriquez’s authorization to work in the United States. Rodriquez offered a driver’s license and what looked like a Social Security card. Gomez did not look at the back of the card nor compare it to the example in the Immigration and Naturalization handbook. In fact, Rodriquez’s card was a forgery, and the INS has assessed a fine against Sizzler restaurant, claiming that Gomez knew or should have known that the card was false. Determine whether Sizzler is liable under the IRCA. Identify and integrate applicable law and statutory authority to provide validity for your response. (Points: 30)

8. (TCO H) A & Z, Co. had a workplace policy of prohibiting the hiring of family members of current employees. On a number of occasions, however, the male children of current male employees had been hired, but no female children have ever been hired, even though many applied. Also, no children, male or female, of any current female employee, had ever been hired, even though, again, many had applied.

The female child of a current male employee files a lawsuit. Determine the legal basis for the claim and assess the likelihood of prevailing against A & Z, Co. From an employer perspective, what suggestions would you make in terms of best practices to minimize future legal liability? Utilize applicable law in your response. (Points: 30)

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HRM 593 Employment Law_Final Exam _Complete_Set

PROJ 592 Proj Cost and Schedule Control Week 8 Final Exam Complete A+ Set 1_set 2 and set 3 Answer

PROJ 592 Proj Cost and Schedule Control Week 8 Final Exam Complete A+ Set 1_set 2 and set 3 Answer

Proj 592 Week 8 Final Exam Answer

SET 1

Page: | 1 2 3 |
Question 1. | Question : | (TCO B) Estimating Procedures
(a) You are the project manager for a new high-rise office building. You are working on estimating the exterior landscaping for the new development. The landscaping requires the use of a special landscape stone. Based on recent experience, the most likely price for the material is $120.00/ton. However, the price for this stone is volatile, and the price fluctuates over time based on market conditions and material availability. The most optimistic price estimate is $100.00/ton, and the most pessimistic estimate is $200.00/ton. What is the expected price of the material?
(b) In addition to price fluctuations, you are also uncertain of how much of the material will be required for the project. Scope changes and site conditions will affect the amount of material actually needed. The most likely amount required is 36 tons. However, as little as 32 tons or as much as 44 tons might be required.What is the expected amount of the material needed for the project? Round to two decimal places.
(c) Using the estimates from (a) & (b) what is the expected cost for the material over the life of the project using the COMPLEX method?

Question 2. | Question : | (TCO B) Contingency Allowance:
You are a project manager for the development of Motorola’s new 4G, HD, Touch Screen Cell Phone which is supposed to take the cell phone industry by storm. Listed below are the initial cost estimates for the materials and labor for one of the phones:
ITEM | COST ESTIMATE | TYPE OF ESTIMATE |
Case | $15.00 | Order of Magnitude |
Handset | $12.00 | Definitive |
Labor | $2.00 | Definitive |
Speaker | $2.50 | Budget |
Mouthpiece | $5.50 | Budget |
Antenna | $1.70 | Definitive |
Keypad | $3.00 | Order of Magnitude |
Circuit boards (handset) | $6.50 | Budget |
Circuit boards (base unit) | $8.50 | Definitive |
Battery | $1.20 | Order of Magnitude |
Charger | $16.00 | Order of Magnitude |
Total cost | $73.90 | NA |
The estimating department currently defines estimate accuracy as follows:
Order of Magnitude | -25%, +75% |
Budget | -10%, +25% |
Definitive | -5%, +10% |

(a) What contingency cost budget do you recommend for the product?
(b) The target retail price for the new telephone is $165.00 per unit. The markup demanded by retailers is 50%. Based on cost factors, write a brief rationale for acceptance or rejection of the project, including any recommendations you have regarding the cost estimates.

Page: | 1 2 3 |

Question 3. | Question : | (TCO C) Work Breakdown Structure WBS
Eurocash has decided to develop a mutual fund comprised almost entirely of East European companies with a high growth potential. The process of developing a new mutual fund begins with concept development, which includes establishing a clear definition of the project’s objectives that is agreed upon by senior management and developing a marketing strategy.
* A business analysis is then performed that includes assessments of market feasibility, internal feasibility (budgetary resource requirements), and regulatory feasibility. * If the proposed fund passes the business analysis, the fund design is developed. * The design process consists of product design, service design, internal review and authorization, and SEC registration (assuming a U.S. market). * As the design process nears completion, generally recognized as a positive preliminary review by the SEC, employee training is performed. * After completion of the employee training and final regulatory approval, the product is launched, and post-launch reviews are conducted at predetermined intervals.

Prepare a work breakdown structure (WBS) for this project with activities corresponding to a two level task and sub-task hierarchy. Provide columns showing the WBS code and activities. Number and indent the WBS codes so that the level of each activity is clearly identified.

Question 4. | Question : | (TCO A) Budgeting processes and techniques
A company builds custom yachts for the high-end boating market. They develop and build these custom designs as a single individualized unit. The orders are generated by the marketing and sales department with help from the owners, who participate in the management of the company. Each new order is assigned to a project team which starts by making an estimate to the customer before a contract is signed. The project teams have a great deal of experience in these projects. As would be expected, the owners are hands-on and have opinions on the estimates. The marketing folks also provide suggestions on what the customer is willing to pay.
What are some processes and techniques that you would suggest to make the budgeting process work well? Start with general but also provide some specifics as relate to creating detailed project budgets. Be sure to justify why you think your recommendations will work.

Page: | 1 2 3 |
Question 1. | Question : | (TCO C) Schedule Crashing
Using the network below and the additional information provided, find:
(a) The crash cost per day per activity.
(b) Which activities should be crashed to meet a project deadline of 13 days at minimum cost? State the number of days you will crash each activity.
(c) What is the additional cost to crash the project?
Critical path = B-C-D = 14
Activity | Normal time | Normal total cost | Crash time | Crash total cost |
A | 5 | 300 | 3 | 380 |
B | 3 | 250 | 1 | 330 |
C | 6 | 400 | 4 | 700 |
D | 5 | 150 | 3 | 250 |

Question 2. | Question : | (TCO E) Responsibility Assignment Matrix
Projects often cross many functional boundaries with team members reporting to different functional managers. This cross functional aspect can create problems with roles and responsibilities. You decide to use a Responsibility Assignment Matrix (RAM) to help with this situation. Your manager is wondering why you are spending your time on this tool when you already have resources assigned to tasks in your schedule.
(a) Why is the RAM such an effective tool for Project Managers?
(b) What are some of the typical responsibilities assigned on a RAM? |

Question 3. | Question : | (TCO E) Resource Allocation/Leveling
The following data were obtained from a project to expand a school: Activity | Duration | Predecessors | Resources / cost |
A | 2 Weeks | — | 2 Excavators/$800 day each |
B | 3 Weeks | — | 2 Dump Trucks/$600 day each |
C | 2 Weeks | B | 2 Concrete Mixers/$250 day each |
D | 3 Weeks | A, C | 2 Cranes/$2,000 day each |
E | 2 Weeks | B | 1 High-lift/$500 day each |
F | 1 Weeks | B | 2 Excavators/$800 day each |
G | 3 Weeks | F | 2 Cranes/$2,000 day each |
The contractor has access to the listed quantity of machines of each type available at the listed cost ‘each’. The operations cannot be split. Additional equipment can be rented at a 50% cost premium if needed.
(a) Identify any resource conflicts in the above project. State the activities involved, the time frame of the conflict(s), the resources in conflict and the quantity of resource involved.
(b) What is the least cost method of resolving the conflict(s), assuming the project duration must not be extended? What additional cost, if any, will be incurred?

Page: | 1 2 3 |
Question 1. | Question : | (TCO G) Estimate At Completion forecast (EAC)
A project has been estimated to take eight weeks and cost $65,000. The critical path is A – D. Cost and earned value data are provided below:
| | EV | PV | | | AC | | | | Budget | BCWP | – BCWS | SV | SPI | – ACWP | CV | CPI |
A | $8,500 | $8,500 | $8,500 | $ – | 1.00 | $7,500 | $1,000 | 1.13 |
B | $15,000 | $15,000 | $15,000 | $ – | 1.00 | $13,000 | $2,000 | 1.15 |
C | $6,800 | $2,530 | $2,700 | ($170) | 0.94 | $4,000 | ($1,470) | 0.63 |
D | $18,000 | $900 | $3,000 | ($2,100) | 0.30 | $1,200 | ($300) | 0.75 |
E | $16,000 | $0 | $0 | $ – | | $0 | $ – | |
Project: | $64,300 | 26,930 | 29,200 | ($2,270) | 0.92 | $25,700 | $730 | 1.05 |
(i) Calculate the Estimate At Completion (EAC) considering future performance will be back on schedule and budget.
(ii) Calculate EAC considering that the project will continue to perform as it has to date.
(iii) Using either of these two numbers discuss the status of the project and if the project manager needs to take corrective actions. Justify your comments. |

Question 2. | Question : | (TCO F) Earned Value
The following data were obtained from a project to design a new software package: Activity | Duration | Predecessors | Budgeted Cost |
A | 3 Days | — | $8,320 |
B | 6 Days | — | $11,740 |
C | 4 Days | A | $11,550 |

D | 2 Days | C, B | $7,850 |
E | 3 Days | A | $10,750 |
F | 2 Days | D, E | $8,600 |
At the end of day 4, the status of the project is as follows: Activity | % Complete | Actual Cost |
A | 100% | $7,200 |
B | 80% | $10,370 |
C | 25% | $8,250 |
D | 0% | $0 |
E | 80% | $8,560 |
F | 0% | $0 |
(a) Calculate the Cost and Schedule Variances and Indexes (CV, SV, CPI, SPI) for tasks A, B, C, D, and E.
(b) Write a brief analysis of the status of the project at this time, including task level, project level, and critical path. |

SET 2

Final Exam Page 1
1. (TCO B) Estimating Procedures
(a) You are the project manager for a new high rise office building. You are working on estimating the exterior landscaping for the new development. The landscaping requires the use of a special landscape stone. Based on recent experience the most likely price for the material is $120.00/ton. However, the price for this stone is volatile, and the price fluctuates over time based on market conditions and material availability. The most optimistic price estimate is $80.00/ton, and the most pessimistic estimate is $180.00/ton. (Note there are 3 data points in for this estimate.)What is the expected price of the material?
(b) In addition to price fluctuations, you are also uncertain of how much of the material will be required for the project. Scope changes and site conditions will affect the amount of material actually needed. The most likely amount required is 36 tons. However, as little as 28 tons, and as much as 56 tons might be required.What is the expected amount of the material needed for the project?
(c) Using the estimates from (a) & (b), what is the expected cost for the material over the life of the project using the COMPLEX method?(Points : 30)

2. (TCO B) Contingency Allowance:
You are a project manager for the development of Motorola’s new 4G, HD, Touch Screen Cell Phone which is supposed to take the cell phone industry by storm. Listed below are the initial cost estimates for the materials and labor for one of the phones:
ITEM | COST
ESTIMATE | TYPE OF ESTIMATE |
Case | $10.00 | Order of Magnitude |
Handset | $12.00 | Definitive |
Labor | $2.00 | Definitive |
Speaker | $2.50 | Budget |
Mouthpiece | $5.50 | Budget |
Antenna | $1.70 | Definitive |
Keypad | $3.00 | Order of Magnitude |
Circuit boards (handset) | $6.50 | Budget |
Circuit boards (base unit) | $8.50 | Definitive |
Battery | $1.20 | Order of Magnitude |
Charger | $16.00 | Order of Magnitude |
Total | $68.90 | NA |
The estimating department currently defines estimate accuracy as follows:
Order of Magnitude | -25%, +75% |
Budget | -10%, +25% |
Definitive | -5%, +10% |
(a) What contingency cost budget do you recommend for the product?
(b) The target retail price for the new telephone is $165.00 per unit. The markup demanded by retailers is 75%. Based on cost factors, write a brief rationale for acceptance or rejection of the project, including any recommendations you have regarding the cost estimates. (Points : 30)

3. (TCO C) Work Breakdown Structure WBS
Eurocash has decided to develop a mutual fund comprised almost entirely of East European companies with a high growth potential. The process of developing a new mutual fund begins with concept development, which includes establishing a clear definition of the project’s objectives that is agreed upon by senior management and developing a marketing strategy.
* A business analysis is then performed that includes assessments of market feasibility, internal feasibility (budgetary resource requirements), and regulatory feasibility. * If the proposed fund passes the business analysis, the fund design is developed. * The design process consists of product design, service design, internal review and authorization, and SEC registration (assuming a U.S. market). * As the design process nears completion, generally recognized as a positive preliminary review by the SEC, employee training is performed. * After completion of the employee training and final regulatory approval, the product is launched, and post-launch reviews are conducted at predetermined intervals.
Prepare a work breakdown structure (WBS) for this project with activities corresponding to a two level task and sub-task hierarchy. Provide columns showing the WBS code and activities. Number and indent the WBS codes so that the level of each activity is clearly identified. (Points : 30)

4. (TCO A) Budgeting processes and techniques
A company builds custom yachts for the high-end boating market. They develop and build these custom designs as a single individualized unit. The orders are generated by the marketing and sales department with help from the owners, who participate in the management of the company. Each new order is assigned to a project team which starts by making an estimate to the customer before a contract is signed. The project teams have a great deal of experience in these projects.
As would be expected, the owners are hands-on and have opinions on the estimates. The marketing folks also provide suggestions on what the customer is willing to pay.
What are some processes and techniques that you would suggest to make the budgeting process work well? Start with general but also provide some specifics as relate to creating detailed project budgets. Be sure to justify why you think your recommendations will work. (Points : 30)

Page: 1 2 3 |
1. (TCO C) Schedule Crashing
Using the network below and the additional information provided, find:
(a) The crash cost per day per activity.
(b) Which activities should be crashed to meet a project deadline of 13 days at minimum cost? State the number of days you will crash each activity.
(c) What is the additional cost to crash the project?
Critical path = B-C-D = 14
Activity | Normal time | Normal total cost | Crash time | Crash total cost |
A | 5 | 300 | 3 | 380 |
B | 3 | 250 | 1 | 330 |
C | 6 | 400 | 4 | 700 |
D | 5 | 150 | 3 | 250 |
(Points : 30)

2. (TCO E) Responsibility Allocation Matrix
Projects often cross many functional boundaries with team members reporting to different functional managers. This cross functional aspect can create problems with roles and responsibilities. You decide to use a Responsibility Assignment Matrix (RAM) to help with this situation. Your manager is wondering why you are spending your time on this tool when you already have resources assigned to tasks in your schedule.
(a) Why is the RAM such an effective tool for Project Managers?
(b) What are some of the typical responsibilities assigned on a RAM? (Points : 30)

3. (TCO E) Resource Allocation/Leveling
The following data were obtained from a project to design a new software package: Activity | Duration | Predecessors | Personnel / Cost |
A | 3 days | — | 1 Systems Analyst/$260 day |
B | 6 days | — | 3 Programmers/$200 day each |
C | 4 days | A | 3 Programmers/$200 day each |
D | 2 days | C | 2 Hardware specialists/$230 day each |
E | 3 days | A | 1 Systems Analyst/$260 day |
F | 2 days | D, E | 1 Test Engineer/$300 day |
Personnel Available | Quantity |
Systems Analysts | 1 |
Programmers | 3 |
Hardware Specialists | 2 |
Test Engineers | 2 |
The software manufacturer has only the above personnel available for the project. Additional personnel can be hired from an agency at an 80% cost premium if needed.
(a) Identify any resource conflicts in the above project. State the activities involved, the time frame of the conflict(s), the personnel in conflict, and the number of people involved.
(b) Note that operations can be split if required: what is the least cost method of resolving the conflict(s), assuming the project duration must not be extended? What additional cost, if any, will be incurred? (Points : 30)

Page: 1 2 3
Page 3
1. (TCO G) Estimate At Completion forecast (EAC)
A project has been estimated to take eight weeks and cost $65,000. The critical path is A – D. Cost and earned value data are provided below: | | EV | PV | | | AC | | |
| Budget | BCWP | – BCWS | SV | SPI | – ACWP | CV | CPI |
A | $8,500 | $8,500 | $8,500 | $ – | 1.00 | $7,000 | $1,500 | 1.21 |
B | $15,000 | $15,000 | $15,000 | $ – | 1.00 | $13,000 | $2,000 | 1.15 |
C | $6,800 | $2,530 | $2,700 | ($170) | 0.94 | $4,000 | ($1,470) | 0.63 |
D | $18,000 | $900 | $3,000 | ($2,100) | 0.30 | $1,200 | ($300) | 0.75 |
E | $16,000 | $0 | $0 | $ – | | $0 | $ – | |
Project: | $65,000 | 26,930 | 29,200 | ($2,270) | 0.92 | $25,200 | $ 730 | 1.07 |
(i) Calculate the Estimate At Completion (EAC) considering future performance will be back on schedule and budget.
(ii) Calculate EAC considering that the project will continue to perform as it has to date.
(iii) Using either of these two numbers discuss the status of the project and if the project manager needs to take corrective actions. Justify your comments.(Points : 30)

2. (TCO D) PMIS and cost accounting
An Earned Value system can be a very effective way to monitor projects. However, Earned Value Analysis requires a Project Cost Accounting System (PCAS).
(a) What are some of the benefits of PCAS?
(b) What are some of the software solutions for establishing a PCAS? (Points : 30)

3. (TCO F) Earned Value
The following data were obtained from a project to design a new software package: Activity | Duration | Predecessors | Budgeted Cost |
A | 3 Days | — | $8,320 |
B | 6 Days | — | $11,740 |
C | 4 Days | A | $11,550 |
D | 2 Days | C, B | $7,850 |
E | 3 Days | A | $10,750 |
F | 2 Days | D, E | $8,600 |
At the end of day 5, the status of the project is as follows: Activity | % Complete | Actual Cost |
A | 100% | $7,200 |
B | 50% | $6,370 |
C | 25% | $8,250 |
D | 0% | $0 |
E | 80% | $8,560 |
F | 0% | $0 |
(a) Calculate the Cost and Schedule Variances and Indexes (CV, SV, CPI, SPI) for tasks A, B, C, D, and E.
(b) Write a brief analysis of the status of the project at this time, including task level, project level, and critical path.(Points : 30)

Set 3

Week 8 : Final Exam – Final Exam

Page 1

Question 1. 1. (TCO A) Work Breakdown Structure (WBS)

A consumer electronics firm is planning an expansion into Milwaukee. Generally, the firm prefers to remodel large existing tenant spaces to suit its needs. After a site is selected from several alternatives, the corporate architect develops plans by reviewing the suitability of the existing structure and utilities. A modification and demolition plan is then developed. Interior finish plans are then developed from corporate standards and adjusted to each site.

• Building permits are handled by the general contractor (GC). The firm uses the GC for all of its construction in a region. The GC hires local subcontractors and provides on-site construction supervision.
• As construction begins, the firm also begins to assemble a new management team from existing management staff, making an attempt to use only staff that has an interest in relocating. Sales staff is hired locally.
• When construction is approximately 6 weeks from completion, inventory is ordered.

Prepare a WBS for this project with activities corresponding to a two-level task and subtask hierarchy. Provide columns showing the WBS code and activities. Number and indent the WBS codes so that the level of each activity is clearly identified. (Points : 25)

Question 2. 2. (TCO E) Using the network below and the additional information provided, find answers to the following questions.

(a) What is the crash cost per day per activity?
(b) Which activities should be crashed to meet a project deadline of 13 days at minimum cost? State the number of days you will crash each activity.
(c) What is the additional cost to crash the project?

Critical path = B-C-D = 15

Activity Normal time Normal total cost Crash time Crash total cost
A 4 $300 3 $360
B 3 $250 1 $330
C 7 $400 4 $550
D 5 $150 3 $250
(Points : 25)

Question 3. 3. (TCO E) There are many stakeholders and participants in projects, and they often get confused as to who is doing what. You decide to use an RACI to help with this situation. Your manager is wondering why you are spending your time on this tool when you already have resources assigned to tasks in your schedule.

(a) What do you tell management to justify your time creating the RACI?
(b) What are the best ways to create the RACI? (Points : 25)

Page 2

Question 1. 1. (TCO F) Earned Value

The following data were obtained from a project to design a new software package.
Activity Duration Predecessors Budgeted Cost
A 3 days — $8,320
B 6 days — $11,740
C 4 days A $11,550
D 2 days C and B $7,850
E 3 days A $10,750
F 2 days D and E $8,600

At the end of Day 5, the status of the project is as follows.
Activity % Complete Actual Cost
A 100% $7,200
B 50% $5,370
C 25% $8,250
D 0% $0
E 70% $8,560
F 0% $0

(a) Calculate the cost and schedule variances and indexes (CV, SV, CPI, SPI) for Tasks A, B, C, D, and E.

(b) Write a brief analysis of the status of the project at this time, including task level, project level, and critical path. (Points : 25)

Question 2. 2. (TCO C)
(a) You are the project manager for a new high-rise office building. You are working on estimating the exterior landscaping for the new development. The landscaping requires the use of a special landscape stone. Based on recent experience, the most likely price for the material is $120.00/ton. However, the price for this stone is volatile, and the price fluctuates over time based on market conditions and material availability. The most optimistic price estimate is $80.00/ton, and the most pessimistic estimate is $180.00/ton.
What is the expected price of the material? Round to two decimal places.

(b) In addition to price fluctuations, you are also uncertain of how much of the material will be required for the project. Scope changes and site conditions will affect the amount of material actually needed. The most likely amount required is 36 tons. However, as little as 28 tons or as much as 56 tons might be required.
What is the expected amount of the material needed for the project?

(c) Using the estimates from (a) and (b), what is the expected cost for the material over the life of the project? (Points : 25)

Question 3. 3. (TCO E) Resource Allocation and Leveling

The following data were obtained from an in-house MIS project.
Activity Duration Predecessors Personnel/Cost
A 3 days — One systems snalyst/$260 day
B 6 days — Two programmers/$200 day each
C 3 days A Two programmers/$200 day each
D 3 days B Two hardware specialists/$280 day each
E 3 days B One hardware specialist/$280 day
F 2 days C and D One test engineer/$300 day

Personnel Available Quantity
Systems analysts 1
Programmers 4
Hardware specialists 2
Test engineers 1

The software manufacturer has only the above personnel available for the project. Additional personnel can be hired from an agency at a 90% cost premium if needed.

(a) Identify any resource conflicts in the above project. State the activities involved, the time frame of the conflict(s), the personnel in conflict, and the number of people involved.

(b) Note that operations cannot be split. What is the least-cost method of resolving the conflict(s), assuming the project duration must not be extended? What additional cost, if any, will be incurred? (Points : 25)

Page 3

Question 1. 1. (TCO D) Change control is critical to a successful project. Describe the roles and responsibilities of two key components of a good change control process: the change control board and the project manager. (Points : 25)

Question 2. 2. (TCO G) Your project is progressing well in your estimation. Your team has collected the following data. From these data, calculate the project’s ETC. Assume spending will continue at the same rate.
Activity A is 60% complete at a cost so far of $100,000. It was estimated to cost $200,000 when finished. It is at the end of Week 3 of 5. Activity B is 85% complete at a cost so far of $50,000. It was estimated to cost $80,000 when finished. It is at the end of Week 4 of 5. Activity C is complete at a cost so far of $110,000. It was estimated to cost $100,000 when finished. (Points : 25)

Question 3. 3. (TCO B) You are the project manager for three different projects.

Project A: This project is behind schedule by 12 weeks. It was to have been completed in 3 months. The sponsor has additional funds to help complete the project on time if needed but does not want to increase risk to the project.
Project B: This project is scheduled to take 27 weeks to complete. You are in the planning stage of the project. You need to reduce the schedule for this project by 8 weeks. This project has a number of predecessors that were created by the project team’s preference. The sponsor insists on having all the work done on time without unduly increasing risk or costs to the project.
Project C: This project is in the execution stage of the project. It is behind schedule by 6 weeks; it was scheduled to be completed in 10 weeks. The sponsor is desperate to accomplish something on this project. The budget is limited to the original amount, and all soft predecessors have already been removed.

For each of the projects above, choose an appropriate schedule compression technique. Explain your choice. (Points : 25)

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PROJ 592 Final Exam

ACCT 553 Fed Taxes Mgmt Decisions Final Exam Answer

ACCT 553 Fed Taxes Mgmt Decisions Final Exam Complete A+ Answer

ACCT 553 Fed Taxes Mgmt Decisions Final Exam Complete A+ Answer

1. (TCO E) For federal tax purposes, income attributable to the direct efforts of the tax payer, such as salary, is classified as: (Points : 5)
portfolio income.
active income.
passive income.
None of the above

2. (TCO D) Which of the following is an example of a nontaxable like-kind exchange? (Points : 5)
An ice cream making machine for inventory of Rocky Road ice cream
Land for an office building
Office equipment for a computer
All of the above

3. (TCO H) Alex and Amy file a joint return for the 2012 tax year. Their adjusted gross income is $90,000. They had net investment income of $8,000. In 2012, they had the following interest expenses:
• Personal credit card interest: $5,000
• Home mortgage interest: $10,000
• Interest paid on qualified education loans: $2,000
• Investment interest (on loans used to buy stocks): $10,000
What is the interest deduction for Alex and Amy for the 2012 tax year? (Points : 5)
$8,000
$12,000
$20,000
$18,000

4. (TCO B) Unreimbursed expenses of employees are considered to be deductions: (Points : 5)
for AGI.
from AGI.
for or from AGI, depending on the type of expense.
None of the above

5. (TCO A) Which of the following expenditures is always an itemized deduction for individual taxpayers? (Points : 5)
Charitable contributions
State and local income taxes
Moving expenses
All of the above

6. (TCO E) Adam sold a piece of business equipment that had an adjusted basis to him of $50,000. In return for the equipment, Adam received $80,000 cash and a painting with a fair market value of $20,000 from the buyer. The buyer also assumed Adam’s $25,000 loan on the equipment. Adam paid $5,000 in selling expenses. What is the amount of Adam’s gain on the sale? (Points : 5)
$90,000
$125,000
$80,000
$70,000

7. (TCO I) Gary and Gerdy Gray purchased a home for $125,000 on September 15, 2010. On October 7, 2011 they were divorced, and as part of the divorce agreement, the home was transferred to Gerda, who sold the home on October 18, 2012 for $350,000. How much can Gerda exclude? (Points : 5)
$350,000
$250,000
$225,000
$0

8. (TCO I) Under the accrual method of accounting, expenses are generally accrued when: (Points : 5)
the expenses are actually incurred.
the taxpayer elects to take the deduction.
payment is made.
None of the above

9. (TCO D) Sean, a calendar year taxpayer, purchased stock on June 18, 2011 for $8,000. The stock became worthless on June 4, 2012. What is Sean’s loss in 2012? (Points : 5)
$8,000 short-term capital loss
No loss
$8,000 long-term capital loss
$8,000 itemized deduction for investments

10. (TCO A) Which of the following is a primary source of tax authority? (Points : 5)
Revenue ruling
Tax Court case
Temporary regulation
All of the above

11. (TCO F) A nonbusiness bad debt is deductible for tax purposes as a(n): (Points : 5)
short-term capital loss.
itemized deduction.
long-term capital loss.
ordinary business deduction.

12. (TCO A) The art of using existing tax laws to pay the least amount of tax legally possible is known as: (Points : 5)
tax evasion.
tax avoidance.
tax elusion.
None of the above

13. (TCO C) Which of the following items is not taxable? (Points : 5)
Interest on U.S. Treasury bills, notes, and bonds issued by an agency of the United States
Interest on federal income tax refund
Interest on New York State bonds
Discount income in installment payments received on notes bought at a discount

14. (TCO B) Under the terms of their divorce agreement executed in October 2011, Keith transferred Corporation M stock to his former wife, Karen, as a property settlement. At the time of the transfer, the stock had a basis to Keith of $20,000 and a fair market value of $50,000. What is the tax consequence of this transaction to Keith, and what is Karen’s basis in the Corporation M stock? (Points : 5)
Keith has a gain of $30,000; Karen’s basis is $20,000.
Keith has a gain of $30,000; Karen’s basis is $50,000.
Keith has no gain or loss; Karen’s basis is $20,000.
Keith has no gain or loss; Karen’s basis is $50,000.

15. (TCO G) During 2012, Edward East had wages of $10,000 and received unemployment compensation of $6,200 from the state. Edward is single and 45 years old. What is the amount of unemployment compensation to be included in his gross income? (Points : 5)
$0
$2,100
$4,200
$6,200

16. (TCO F) Hobby expenditures are deductible to the extent of: (Points : 5)
total individual gross income.
hobby gross income.
trade or business gross income.
nonbusiness gross income.

Page: 1 2

Essays

1. (TCO E) In 2012, Uriah Stone received the following payments:
• Interest on refund of federal income tax for 2011: $400
• Interest on award for personal injuries in 2009 automobile accident: $300
• Interest on municipal bonds: $1,500
• United States savings bonds interest (Series H): $1,000
What amount, if any, should Mr. Stone report as interest income on his 2012 tax return?

2. (TCO G) Would any of the following items be deductible on an individual’s income tax return? If so, would the item be deductible for or from AGI? Explain each item.
(a) Hobby expenditures of $2,000 in excess of hobby gross income
(b) $3,000 loss on the sale of a personal sailboat
(c) Interest of $8,000 on money borrowed to purchase tax-exempt securities (Points : 17)

3. (TCO F) Michael and Mary Mason sold for $380,000 in November of 2012 their residence that they had purchased in 2002 for $75,000. They made major capital improvements during their 10-year ownership totaling $25,000.
(a) What is their excluded gain? How much must they recognize?
(b) Suppose, instead, that the Masons sold their home for $720,000. They moved into a smaller house costing $220,000. What is their excluded gain? How much must they recognize? (Points : 17)

4. (TCO G) John Baron, a professional baseball player, raises Black Angus cattle under circumstances that would indicate that the activity is a hobby. His adjusted gross income for the year is $50,000, and he has $500 of other miscellaneous itemized deductions, all of which are subject to the two-percent floor. During the taxable year, the feed for the cattle cost $1,500. The income from the sale of cattle was $1,400.

(a) Under the hobby loss rule, to what extent is the expense of $1,500 deductible?
(b) Under the two-percent-of-adjusted-gross-income limitation, how much is the overall deductible amount of his itemized deductions?

5. (TCO I) Rick, a single individual with a salary of $45,000, incurred and paid the following expenses during the year:
Student loan interest: $800
Medical expenses: $5,000
Alimony: $11,000
Mortgage interest on personal residence: $3,000
State income taxes: $4,000
Moving expenses: $1,500
Contribution to a traditional IRA: $2,000
Analyze the above expenses, and determine which ones are deductible for AGI. Please support your position.

6. (TCO I) Kim had the following transactions for 2012:
Salary: $48,000
Damage award (compensatory) for city bus accident: $18,000
Loss on sale of stock investment: $5,600
Loan from father to purchase auto: $14,000
Alimony paid to ex-wife: $8,000
What is Kim’s AGI for 2012?

7. (TCO F) Sara owns a sole proprietorship, and Phil is the sole shareholder of a C (regular) corporation. Each business sustained a $9,000 operating loss and a $2,000 capital loss for the year. Evaluate how these losses will affect the taxable income of the two owners? (Points : 17)

8. (TCO B) Dave forms a corporation and transfers property having a basis to him of $22,000 and a fair market value of $29,000 to the corporation for 1,000 shares of $11 par stock. One year later, Hank transfers property having a basis to him of $3,500 and a fair market value of $4,500 for 100 shares of the stock. Hank is not related to Dave. The corporation issued no other stock.
(a) How much gain does Dave recognize on his exchange? What is the basis to Dave of his 1,000 shares?
(b) What gain or loss is recognized by the corporation when it issues its shares to Dave? What is the basis to the corporation of the property it received from Dave?
(c) What is the gain or loss that Hank recognizes on this transaction, and what is his basis in his 100 shares?

9. (TCO F) In 2012, OK Company had a net loss of $82,000 from operations. Jane owns OK Company and works 20 hours a week in the business. She has a large amount of income from other sources and is in the 35% marginal tax bracket. Would Jane’s tax situation be better if OK Company were a proprietorship or a C corporation? Explain why.

10. (TCO H) On May 18, 2012, Sara purchased 30 shares of ABC stock for $210, and on October 29, 2012, she purchased 90 additional shares for $900. On November 28, 2012, she sold 48 shares, which could not be specifically identified, for $576, and on December 8, 2012, she sold another 25 shares for $150. What is her recognized gain or loss?

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ACCT 553 Fed Taxes Mgmt Decisions Final Exam Complete A+ Answer

ECON 545 Business Economics Course Week 8 Final Exam Sets 1_2 and 3 Complete Answer

ECON 545 Business Economics Course Week 8 Final Exam All Sets Answer

1. Question :(TCO A) Suppose you are hired to manage a small manufacturing facility that produces Widgets.

(a.) (15 points) You know from data collected on the Widget Market that market demand and market supply have both increased recently. As manager of the facility, what decisions should you make regarding production levels and pricing for your Widget facility?

Remember that supply and demand are about the market supply and market demand, which is bigger than your own company. You are being given data on supply and demand for the whole market and are being asked what effect that has on you as a small part of that market.

(b.) (15 points) Now, suppose that following the supply and demand changes in (a), a substitute good goes up in price, and your costs of production increase. What new decisions will you make regarding production levels and pricing for your Widget facility?
(TCO B) Here is some data on the demand for marshmallows:

Price Quantity
$10 100
$ 8 300
$ 6 700
$ 4 1300
$ 2 2200

(a.) (15 points) Is demand elastic or inelastic in the $6-$8 price range? How do you know?

(b.) (15 points) If the table represents the demand faced by a monopoly firm, then what is that firm’s marginal revenue as it increases output from 1300 units to 2200 units? Show all work. (Be careful here!)
3. Question : (TCO C) You have been hired to manage a small manufacturing facility whose cost and production data are given in the table below.
Total Total
Workers Labor Cost Output Revenue
1 $500 100 $700
2 1000 280 1150
3 1500 440 1440
4 2000 540 1570
5 2500 600 1670
6 3000 630 1710
7 3500 640 1730

(a.) (6 points) What is the marginal product of the second worker?

(b.) (6 points) What is the marginal revenue product of the fourth worker?

(c.) (6 points) What is the marginal cost of the first worker?

(d.) (12 points) Based on your knowledge of marginal analysis, how many workers should you hire? Explain you answer.

4. Question : (TCO C) Answer the next questions on the basis of the following cost data for a firm in pure competition:

OUTPUT —— TFC ———- TVC
0 $100.00 0.00
1 100.00 70.00
2 100.00 120.00
3 100.00 150.00
4 100.00 200.00
5 100.00 270.00
6 100.00 360.00

(a.) (15 points) Refer to the above data. If the product price is $45 at its optimal output, will the firm realize an economic profit, break even, or incur an economic loss? How much will the profit or loss be? Show all calculations.

(b.) (15 points) Refer to the above data. If the product price is $75 at its optimal output, will the firm realize an economic profit, break even, or incur an economic loss? How much will the profit or loss be? Show all calculations.

5. Question : (TCO D) A software producer has fixed costs of $18,000 per month and her Total Variable Costs (TVC) as a function of output Q are given below:

Q TVC Price
1,000 $15,000 $25
2,000 20,000 24
3,000 30,000 23
4,000 50,000 22
5,000 80,000 20
(a.) (15 points) If software can only be produced in the quantities above, what should be the production level if the producer operates in a monopolistic competitive market where the price of software at each possible quantity is also listed above? Why? (Show all work).

(b.) (15 points) What should be the production level if fixed costs rose to $48,000 per month? Explain.
6. Question : (TCO F)

(a.) (20 points) Suppose nominal GDP in 1999 was $200 billion, and in 2001, it was $270 billion. The general price index in 1999 was 100 and in 2001 it was 150. Between 1999 and 2001, the real GDP rose by what percent?

(b.) Use the following scenario to answer questions (b1) and (b2).
In a given year in the United States, the total number of residents is 270 million, the number of residents under the age of 16 is 38 million, the number of institutionalized adults is 15 million, the number of adults who are not looking for work is 17 million, and the number of unemployed is 10 million.

(b1.) (5 points) Refer to the data in the above scenario. What is the size of the labor force in the United States for the given year?

(b2.) (5 points) Refer to the data in the above scenario. What is the unemployment rate in the United States for the given year?
7. Question : (TCO G and H)

(a.) (15 points) Suppose your local Congress representative suggests that the federal government intervenes in the gasoline market to stop runaway price increases. Would you say that this view basically supports the Keynesian or the Monetarist school of thought? Why? What position would the opposing school of thought take on this issue? (Be brief — you can answer this in 2 or 3 brief paragraphs).

(b.) (10 points) Any change in the economy’s total expenditures would be expected to translate into a change in GDP that was larger than the initial change in spending. This phenomenon is known as the multiplier effect. Explain how the multiplier effect works.

(c.) (15 points) You are told that 90 cents out of every extra dollar pumped into the economy goes toward consumption (as opposed to saving). Estimate the GDP impact of a positive change in government spending that equals $20 billion.

8. Question : (TCO G)
(a.) (20 points) Third National Bank is fully loaned up with reserves of $20,000 and demand deposits equal to $100,000. The reserve ratio is 20%. Households deposit $5,000 in currency into the bank. How much excess reserves does the bank now have, and what is the maximum amount of new money that can be created in the banking system as a result of this deposit? Show all work.

(b.) (20 points) What is the discount rate in the banking system? Explain how the Fed manipulates this rate to achieve macroeconomic objectives.
9. Question : (TCO E and I) Let the exchange rate be defined as the number of dollars per British pound. Assume there is a decrease in U.S. interest rates relative to that of Britain.

(a.) (10 points) Would this event cause the demand for the dollar to increase or decrease relative to the demand for the pound? Why?

(b.) (10 points) Has the dollar appreciated or depreciated in value relative to the pound?

(c.) (10 points) Does this change in the value of the dollar make imports cheaper or more expensive for Americans? Are American exports cheaper or more expensive for importers of U.S. goods in Great Britain? Illustrate by showing the price of a U.S. cell phone in Britain before and after the change in the exchange rate.

(d.) (10 points) If you had a business exporting goods to Britain, and U.S. interest rates fell as they have in this example, would you plan to expand production or cut back? Why?

Set 1 Additional Questions:

Question 2. (TCO B) Suppose the governor of California has proposed increasing toll rates on California’s toll roads, and has presented two possible scenarios to implement these increases. Following are projected data for the two scenarios for the California toll roads:
Scenario 1: Toll rate in 2012: $10.00. Toll rate in 2016: $22.50
For every 100 cars using the toll roads in 2012, only 81.6 cars will use the toll roads in 2016.
Scenario 2:
Toll rate in 2012: $10.00. Toll rate in 2016: $17.50
For every 100 cars using the toll roads in 2012, only 96.2 cars will use the toll roads in 2016.
a. Using the midpoint formula, calculate the price elasticity of demand for Scenario 1 and Scenario 2. (10 points)
b. Assume 10,000 cars use California toll roads every day in 2012. What would be the daily total revenue received for each scenario in 2012 and in 2016? (6 points)
c. Is demand under Scenario 1 and under Scenario 2 price elastic, inelastic, or unit elastic. Briefly explain. (4 points)
(Points : 30)

Question 3. 3. (TCO C) You have been hired to manage a small manufacturing facility whose cost and production data are given in the table below.
Total Total
Workers Labor Cost Output Revenue
1 $500 100 $700
2 1000 280 1150
3 1500 440 1440
4 2000 540 1570
5 2500 600 1670
6 3000 630 1710
7 3500 640 1730

(a.) (6 points) What is the marginal product of the second worker?

(b.) (6 points) What is the marginal revenue product of the fourth worker?

(c.) (6 points) What is the marginal cost of the first worker?

(d.) (12 points) Based on your knowledge of marginal analysis, how many workers should you hire? Explain you answer.
(Points : 30)

Question 4. 4. (TCO C) Answer the next questions (Parts A and B) on the basis of the following cost data for a firm operating in pure competition:

OUTPUT —— TFC ———- TVC
0 $500.00 0.00
1 500.00 70.00
2 500.00 130.00
3 500.00 170.00
4 500.00 200.00
5 500.00 300.00
6 500.00 510.00

(a.) (15 points) Refer to the above data. If the product price is $185 at its optimal output, will the firm realize an economic profit, break even, or incur an economic loss? How much will the profit or loss be? Show all calculations.

(b.) (15 points) Refer to the above data. If the product price is $200 at its optimal output, will the firm realize an economic profit, break even, or incur an economic loss? How much will the profit or loss be? Show all calculations. (Points : 30)

Question 5. 5. (TCO D) A software producer has fixed costs of $20,000 per month and her Total Variable Costs (TVC) as a function of output Q are given below. Complete the table (TC, MC, TR, and MR), then answer Parts A and B.

Q TVC Price
2,000 $5,000 $25
4,000 7,000 22
6,000 18,000 20
8,000 33,000 10
10,000 50,000 1
(a.) (15 points) If software can only be produced in the quantities above, what should be the production level if the producer operates in a monopolistic competitive market where the price of software at each possible quantity is also listed above? Why? (Show all work.)
(b.) (15 points) What should be the production level if fixed costs rose to $70,000 per month? Explain.
(Points : 30)

Question 6. 6. (TCO F)

(a.) (20 points) Suppose nominal GDP in 1999 was $200 billion, and in 2001, it was $270 billion. The general price index in 1999 was 100 and in 2001 it was 150. Between 1999 and 2001, the real GDP rose by what percent?

(b.) Use the following scenario to answer questions (b1) and (b2).
In a given year in the United States, the total number of residents is 270 million, the number of residents under the age of 16 is 38 million, the number of institutionalized adults is 15 million, the number of adults who are not looking for work is 17 million, and the number of unemployed is 10 million.

(b1.) (5 points) Refer to the data in the above scenario. What is the size of the labor force in the United States for the given year?

(b2.) (5 points) Refer to the data in the above scenario. What is the unemployment rate in the United States for the given year? (Points : 30)

Question 7. 7. (TCO G and H)

(a.) (15 points) What are the arguments for and against the use of fiscal policy to fight inflation, lower unemployment, and raise GDP (Keynesian and Monetarist)?

(b.) (10 points) Any change in the economy’s total expenditures would be expected to translate into a change in GDP that was larger than the initial change in spending. This phenomenon is known as the multiplier effect. Explain how the multiplier effect works.

(c.) (15 points) You are told that 80 cents out of every extra dollar pumped into the economy goes toward consumption (as opposed to saving). Estimate the GDP impact of a positive change in government spending that equals $10 billion. (Points : 40)

Question 8. 8. (TCO G)

(a.) Reserve requirement for banks is set at 5%. Your firm withdraws $42,000 on its line of credit at the Security Bank to purchase equipment for expansion. The equipment vendor deposits the amount that he receives from you at his bank, The Highland Bank.

(10 points) By how much has each bank’s excess reserves changed as a result of your withdrawal and expenditure?

(10 points) What is the maximum amount of new money that can be created in the banking system as a result of your purchase? Show all work.

(b.) (10 points) Suppose that the Security Bank discovers its reserves will temporarily fall slightly short of those legally required. How might it remedy this situation through the Federal Funds market?

(10 points) Explain how the Fed manipulates the Federal Funds Rate in order to achieve macroeconomic objectives.
(Points : 40)

Question 9. 9. (TCO E and I) Let the exchange rate be defined as the number of dollars per Japanese yen. Assume that there is a decrease in U.S. interest rates relative to that of Japan.

(a.) (10 points) Would this event cause the demand for the dollar to increase or decrease relative to the demand for the yen? Why?

(b.) (10 points) Has the dollar appreciated or depreciated in value relative to the yen?

(c.) (10 points) Does this change in the value of the dollar make imports cheaper or more expensive for Americans? Are American exports cheaper or more expensive for importers of U.S. goods in Japan? Illustrate by showing the price of a U.S. e-reader in Japan before and after the change in the exchange rate.

(d.) (10 points) If you had a business exporting goods to Japan, and U.S. interest rates fell as they have in this example, would you plan to expand production or cut back? Why? (Points : 40)

Set 2

1. (TCO A) Suppose you are hired to manage a small manufacturing facility that produces Widgets.

(a.) (15 points) You know from data collected on the Widget Market that market demand has recently increased and market supply has recently decreased. As manager of the facility, what decisions should you make regarding production levels and pricing for your Widget facility?

Remember that supply and demand are about the market supply and market demand, which is bigger than your own company. You are being given data on supply and demand for the whole market and are being asked what effect that has on you as a small part of that market.

(b.) (15 points) Now, suppose that following the supply and demand changes in (a), a substitute good goes up in price, and your costs of production decrease. What new decisions will you make regarding production levels and pricing for your Widget facility? (Points : 30)

2. (TCO B) Here is some data on the demand for lettuce:

Price Quantity
$10 100
$ 8 120
$ 6 140
$ 4 160
$ 2 180

(a.) (15 points) Is demand elastic or inelastic in the $6-$8 price range? How do you know?

(b.) (15 points) If the table represents the demand faced by a monopoly firm, then what is that firm’s marginal revenue as it increases output from 160 units to 180 units? Show all work. (Be careful here!) (Points : 30)
. (TCO C) You have been hired to manage a small manufacturing facility whose cost and production data are given in the table below.

Total Total
Workers Labor Cost Output Revenue
1 $200 50 $350
2 400 140 675
3 600 220 1120
4 800 270 1570
5 1000 300 1865
6 1200 315 2070
7 1400 320 2170

(a.) (6 points) What is the marginal product of the second worker?

(b.) (6 points) What is the marginal revenue product of the fourth worker?

(c.) (6 points) What is the marginal cost of the first worker?

(d.) (12 points) Based on your knowledge of marginal analysis, how many workers should you hire? Explain you answer. (Points : 30)
4. (TCO C) John operates a small business out of his home and has very little in terms of fixed costs. Answer the next questions (Parts A and B) on the basis of the following cost data for John’s firm operating in pure competition:

OUTPUT —— TFC ———- TVC
0 $30.00 0.00
1 30.00 70.00
2 30.00 120.00
3 30.00 150.00
4 30.00 200.00
5 30.00 270.00
6 30.00 360.00

(a.) (15 points) Refer to the above data. If the product price is $60, at its optimal output, will the firm realize an economic profit, break even, or incur an economic loss? How much will the profit or loss be? Show all calculations.

(b.) (15 points) Refer to the above data. If the product price is $55 at its optimal output, will the firm realize an economic profit, break even, or incur an economic loss? How much will the profit or loss be? Show all calculations. (Points : 30)
5. (TCO D) A software producer has fixed costs of $30,000 per month and her Total Variable Costs (TVC) as a function of output Q are given below:

Q TVC Price
3,000 $ 5,000 $5
13,000 25,000 4
23,000 50,000 3
33,000 80,000 2
43,000 120,000 1
(a.) (15 points) If software can only be produced in the quantities above, what should be the production level if the producer operates in a monopolistic competitive market where the price of software at each possible quantity is also listed above? Why? (Show all work.)
(b.) (15 points) What should be the production level if fixed costs rose to $50,000 per month? Explain.
6. (TCO F)

(a.) (20 points) Suppose nominal GDP in 1999 was $200 billion, and in 2001, it was $270 billion. The general price index in 1999 was 100 and in 2001 it was 150. Between 1999 and 2001, the real GDP rose by what percent?

(b.) Use the following scenario to answer questions (b1) and (b2).
In a given year in the United States, the total number of residents is 270 million, the number of residents under the age of 16 is 38 million, the number of institutionalized adults is 15 million, the number of adults who are not looking for work is 17 million, and the number of unemployed is 10 million.

(b1.) (5 points) Refer to the data in the above scenario. What is the size of the labor force in the United States for the given year?

(b2.) (5 points) Refer to the data in the above scenario. What is the unemployment rate in the United States for the given year? (Points : 30)
7. (TCO G and H)

(a.) (15 points) Suppose your local Congress representative suggests that the federal government intervenes in the gasoline market to stop runaway price increases. Would you say that this view basically supports the Keynesian or the Monetarist school of thought? Why? What position would the opposing school of thought take on this issue? (Be brief — you can answer this in 2 or 3 brief paragraphs).

(b.) (10 points) Any change in the economy’s total expenditures would be expected to translate into a change in GDP that was larger than the initial change in spending. This phenomenon is known as the multiplier effect. Explain how the multiplier effect works.

(c.) (15 points) You are told that 90 cents out of every extra dollar pumped into the economy goes toward consumption (as opposed to saving). Estimate the GDP impact of a positive change in government spending that equals $20 billion.
(Points : 40)
8. (TCO G)

(a.) Reserve requirement for banks is set at 5%. Your firm deposits its profits of $28,000 into the Third National Bank.

(10 points) How much excess reserve does your deposit generate for the bank?

(10 points) What is the maximum amount of new money that can be created in the banking system as a result of this deposit? Show all work.

(b.) (10 points) What is the Federal Funds Rate in the banking system?

(10 points) Explain how the Fed manipulates this rate in order to achieve macroeconomic objectives. (Points : 40)

9. (TCOs E and I) Let the exchange rate be defined as the number of dollars per Japanese yen. Assume that there is a relatively lower rate of inflation in the U.S. relative to that of Japan.

(a.) (10 points) Would this event cause the demand for the dollar to increase or decrease relative to the demand for the yen? Why?

(b.) (10 points) Has the dollar appreciated or depreciated in value relative to the yen?

(c.) (10 points) Does this change in the value of the dollar make imports cheaper or more expensive for Americans? Are American exports cheaper or more expensive for importers of U.S. goods in Japan? Illustrate by showing the price of a U.S. e-reader in Japan, before and after the change in the exchange rate.

(d.) (10 points) If you had a business exporting goods to Japan, and U.S. inflation fell as discussed above in this example, would you plan to expand production or cut back? Why? (Points : 40)

Set 3

1. Suppose you are hired to manage a samll manufacturing facility that produces widgets
A. You know form data collected on the widget marekt that the market demand has recently increased and mareket supply has recently decreased. As manager of the facility, what decison should you make regarding production levels and pricing for you wideget facility?
Remember that supply and deman are about the makert supply and market demand, which is bigger than your own company. You are being given data on supply and demand for the whole market and are being asked what effect that has on you as a small part of that market
B. Now suppose that follwing the supply and demand changes in (a) a subsitute good goes up in price, and your cost of product decrease. What decisons will you make regarding production levels and pricing for your widget facility?

2. Here is data on the demand for lettuce
Price Quantity
10$ 100
8$ 120
6$ 140
4$ 160
2$ 180
A. Is demand elastic or inelastic in the 6-8$ price range? How do you know?

(b.) (15 points) If the table represents the demand faced by a monopoly firm, then what is that firm’s marginal revenue as it increases output from 160 units to 180 units? Show all work. (Be careful here!) (Points : 30)
3.A Suppose nominal GDP in 1999 was 100billion and in 2001 it was 260billion. The general price index in 199 was 100, and in 2001 it was 180. Between 1999 and 2001, the real GDP rose by what present?

4. Suppose your local congress representive suggest that the federal government intervenes in the gasonline market to stop runaway price increases. Would you say that this view bsically supports the Keynesin or Monetarist school of thought? Why? What postion would the opposting school of though tke on this issue?
b. Any change in the economys total expenditures would be expected to translate into change in GDP that was larger than the initial change in spending. This phenomenon os known as the multiplier effect. Explain the multipler effect works.

c. you are told that 90 cents our of every extra dollar pumpled into the econoomy goes toward consumption (as opposed to saving) Estimate the GDP impact of positive change in govenment spending that equals 20 billion.

5. Reserve requirment for banks is set at 5%. Your firm depositis it profits of 28,000 inot the Third National Bank.
A. How much excess reserve does your deposit generate for the bank?
What is the maximum amount of new money that can be created in the banking system as a result of this deposit? Show all work
B. What is the federal funds rate in the banking system?
Explain how the fed manipulates this rate in order to achieve macroeonmic objectives?
6. Let the exchange rate be defined as the number of dollars per Japanese yen. Assume there is a increase in U.S interest ratres relative to that of Japan.
A. Would this event cause the demand for the dollar to increase or decrease relative to the demand for the yen? Why?
b.) Has the dollar appreciatred or depreciated in value relative to the yen?
c.) Does this change in the value of the dollar make imports cheaper or more expensive for Americans? Are American exports cheaper or more expensive for importers of U.S goods in Japan? Illustrate by showing the price of a U.S e reader in japan before and after the change in the exchange rate.

d.) If you had a business exporting good to japan, and u.s interest rate rose as they have in this example, would you plan to expand production or cut back? Why

1. A software producer has fixed cost of 20,000 per month and her total variable costs TVC as a function fo output Q are given below. Complete the table (TC, MC, TR, and MR)
Q TVC Price
2,000 5,000 25
4,000 7,000 22
6,000 18,000 20
8,000 33,000 10
10,000 50,000 1
A. If software can only be produced in the quantities above, what should be the production level if the producer operates in a monopolistic cometitive market whre the price of software at each possible quantity is also listed above? Why? (show work)

B. What should be the production level if fixed cost rose to 70,000 per month? Explain

1. A software producer has fixed cost of 20,000 per month and her total variable costs TVC as a function fo output Q are given below. Complete the table (TC, MC, TR, and MR)
Q TVC Price
2,000 5,000 25
4,000 7,000 22
6,000 18,000 20
8,000 33,000 10
10,000 50,000 1
A. If software can only be produced in the quantities above, what should be the production level if the producer operates in a monopolistic cometitive market whre the price of software at each possible quantity is also listed above? Why? (show work)
B. What should be the production level if fixed cost rose to 70,000 per month? Explain

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ECON-545-Business-Economics_Final-Exam

FIN 515 Managerial Finance Week 8 Final Exam Set 1 and Set 2 Answer

FIN 515 Managerial Finance Week 8 Final Exam Complete Set 1 and Set 2 Answer

Set 1

Question 1. (TCO A) In the United States, which of the following types of organization has the greatest revenue in total? (Points : 5)
a. Sole proprietorship
b. C corporation
c. S corporation
d. Limited partnership

Question 2. (TCO A) Sole proprietorships have all of the following advantages except (Points : 5)
a. easy to set up.
b. single taxation of income.
c. limited liability.
d. ownership and control are not separated.

Question 3. (TCO B) Which of the following would cause the present value of an annuity to decrease? (Points : 5)
a. Reducing the number of payments.
b. Increasing the number of payments.
c. Decreasing the interest rate.
d. Decreasing the liquidity of the payments.

Question 4. (TCO B) In a TVM calculation, if incoming cash flows are positive, outgoing cash flows must be (Points : 5)
a. positive.
b. negative.
c. either positive or negative. It really doesn’t matter.
d. stated in time units that are different from the time units in which the interest rates are stated.

5. If you were a manager of a company, which of the three right side components of the DuPont Identity would you want to increase and which would you want to decrease, other things being equal? Give a specific example for how to do that for each of the three. (Points : 20)

6. A stock pays an annual dividend of $2.50 and that dividend is not expected to change. Similar stocks pay a return of 10%. What is P0? (Points : 20)

7. A stock has just paid a dividend and has declared an annual dividend of $2.00 to be paid one year from today. The dividend is expected to grow at a 5% annual rate. The return on equity for similar stocks is 12%. What is P0? (Points : 20)

8. A bond has 5 years to maturity and has a YTM of 8%. Its par value is $1,000. Its semiannual coupons are $50. What is the bonds current market price? (Points : 10)

9. A bond currently sells for $1,000 and has a par of $1,000. It was issued two years ago and had a maturity of 10 years. The coupon rate is 7% and the interest payments are made semiannually. What is its YTM? (Points : 10)

10. A company has 10 million shares outstanding trading for $7 per share. It also has $300 million in outstanding debt. If its equity cost of capital is 15%, and its debt cost of capital is 9%, and its effective corporate tax rate is 40%, what is its weighted average cost of capital? (Points : 30)

11. Name and describe the three functions of managerial finance. For each, give an example other than those used in the text and lecture. (Points : 25)

12. Explain thoroughly how stock portfolios affect the risk to an investor. (Points : 30)

13. What is the Cash Conversion Cycle (CCC)? Name the components of the CCC and explain why the CCC is important to business.

14. A company has the opportunity to do any of the projects for which the net cash flows per year are shown below. The company has a cost of capital of 12%. Which should the company do and why? You must use at least two capital budgeting methods. Show your work.
Year A B C
0 -300 -100 -300
1 100 -50 100
2 100 100 100
3 100 100 100
4 100 100 100
5 100 100 100
6 100 100 100
7 -100 -200 0
(Points : 40)

Set 2

Week 8 : Final Exam – Final Exam

Page 1

Question 1. 1. (TCO A) In the United States, which of the following types of organization has the greatest revenue in total? (Points : 5)
Sole proprietorship
C corporation
S corporation
Limited partnership

Question 2. 2. (TCO A) A sole proprietorship is owned by (Points : 5)
one person.
one or two people, but if there are two owners, they must be married to each other.
up to 100 owners.
up to 64 owners.

Question 3. 3. (TCO B) Which of the following would cause the present value of an annuity to increase? (Points : 5)
Reducing the number of payments.
Increasing the interest rate.
Decreasing the interest rate.
Decreasing the liquidity of the payments.

Question 4. 4. (TCO B) Which of the following is an annuity due? (Points : 5)
A typical car loan.
A typical mortgage.
A typical apartment rental agreement.
A credit card balance.

Question 5. 5. (TCO G) If net income, total assets, and book value of equity stayed the same, what would be the effect on the DuPont Identity of an increase in sales? (Points : 20)

Question 6. 6. (TCO D) A stock has just paid a dividend and will pay a dividend of $3.00 in a year. The dividend will stay constant for the rest of time. The return on equity for similar stocks is 14%. What is P0? (Points : 20)

Question 7. 7. (TCO D) A stock has just declared an annual dividend of $2.25 to be paid one year from today. The dividend is expected to grow at a 7% annual rate. The return on equity for similar stocks is 12%. What is P0? (Points : 20)

Question 8. 8. (TCO D) A bond has 5 years to maturity and has a YTM of 8%. Its par value is $1,000. Its semiannual coupons are $50. What is the bonds current market price? (Points : 10)

Question 9. 9. (TCO D) A bond currently sells for $1,030 even though it has a par of $1,000. It was issued two years ago and had a maturity of 10 years. The coupon rate is 7% and the interest payments are made semiannually. What is its YTM? (Points : 10)

Question 10. 10. (TCO D) Explain thoroughly how stock portfolios affect the risk to an investor. (Points : 30)

Question 11. 11. (TCO E) A company has 30 million shares outstanding trading for $8 per share. It also has $90 million in outstanding debt. If its equity cost of capital is 15%, and its debt cost of capital is 9%, and its effective corporate tax rate is 40%, what is its weighted average cost of capital? (Points : 30)

Question 12. 12. (TCO A) Name and describe the three functions of managerial finance. For each, give an example other than those used in the text and lecture. (Points : 25)

Question 13. 13. (TCO H) What is the difference between the cash cycle and the operating cycle? Under what condition would they be the same? (Points : 30)

Question 14. 14. (TCO F) A company has the opportunity to do any of the projects for which the net cash flows per year are shown below. The company has a cost of capital of 12%. Which should the company do and why? You must use at least two capital budgeting methods. Show your work.
Year A B C
0 -300 -100 -300
1 100 -50 100
2 100 100 100
3 100 100 100
4 100 100 100
5 100 100 100
6 100 100 100
7 -100 -200 0
(Points : 40)

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FIN 515 Week 8 Final Exam

HRM 587 Managing Organizational Change Final Exam Set 1 and 2 Answers

HRM 587 Managing Organizational Change Final Exam All Correct A+ Set 1 and 2_Answers

Set 1

Week 8 : Final Exam – Final Exam

Page 1

Question 1. 1. (TCO All) For the next set of questions , you will first select ONE of the TCOs of the course. Then, you will be asked to write an essay about the project you worked on this term over your two companies’ change program based on the TCO you selected above. Select the TCO your essay question will cover:

TCO A – Given that progressive and successful companies require their employees to embrace change, examine how changing work conditions impact the employees.
TCO B – Given the inherent reality that all organizations must experience change in order to improve, demonstrate how “models” are used in Change Management, for diagnosing an organization’s need for change.
TCO C – Given external, internal and/or multi-levels of organization factors that drive change, assess and create a leadership model which supports and promotes each type of change within the organization.
TCO D – Given that an organization’s mission and vision will determine its strategy towards change, ensure that an organization’s change initiative is aligned with and capitalizes on its culture and mission in preparation for change.
TCO E – Given a selected Change Management implementation “model”, determine the causes of change and develop a plan of action to implement the change.
TCO F – Given that both organizations and their employees commonly resist change, understand how to recognize and overcome barriers to change and develop a strategy to manage resistance to change that will ensure successful implementation of change.
TCO G – Given that developing a “vision for change” and communicating that “vision” is a critical part of the change process, analyze the key elements of the “vision for change” and develop a strategy to communicate the change to the stakeholder.
TCO H – Given the organization’s goal of creating and implementing a sustainable change while moving toward becoming a “learning” organization, develop a plan to implement change in a sustainable manner that can be applied to any change.

Using the TCO you selected from the list above, which you felt was most relevant to your project this term, write an essay answer explaining how the change management you saw in one of your companies from your project this term followed or failed to follow the theory of success ingrained in the TCO you have selected.

State the #1 thing you think that company’s change agent did which most contributed to the success or failure of the change and why that relates to the TCO you selected.
• Include in the answer the name of the company you are discussing.
• Explain/analyze why you think this way.
(Points : 35)

Question 2. 2. (TCOs A, E) Your project this term asked you to compare and contrast two companies’ change projects or programs for change. This question will review what you learned about the change projects in a continuation of your project. It will ask you to apply course information to your project companies. For your answer, be sure to reference the names of the companies you studied in your project this term to help your instructor determine the score of your response.

Evaluate ONE of your two companies’ change interventions through the lens of Kotter’s Eight Step Model. State first the steps. (10 points) Assess how well the company realized each of the steps and what areas were less than successful in their implementation. Speak to those failed steps and what the implications were for the success or failure of the implementation. (10 points) Do you feel that Kotter’s model did assist (if it was used) or would have assisted (if you feel it wasn’t used) in this change? Why or why not? (15 points) (Points : 35)

Question 3. 3. (TCOs E,H) Your project this term asked you to compare and contrast two companies’ change projects or programs for change. This question will review what you learned about the change projects in a continuation of your project. It will ask you to apply course information to your project companies. For your answer, be sure to reference the names of the companies you studied in your project this term to help your instructor determine the score of your response.

You will assess the “sustainability” of the changes which occurred in the companies you studied. Select ONE of the company change programs for your answer to this question and state it here. Assess the change project. Was it successful or unsuccessful in your opinion? What will it take (what are some steps the company can, should, or DID take) to make it SUSTAINABLE? What theories did you consider in coming to this conclusion? Do you think this change will still be in place in one, five, or ten years? Why or why not? (Points : 35)

Question 4. 4. (TCO All) This question does not address your course project. This change scenario is envisioned instead, for this question. First, the scenario, and then the question.

Scenario: You have been asked to handle a project where the company is going to close the plant in your company and offer all of the workers an option of taking a buy-out severance package which is quite generous OR relocate to another state, where the business climate is much better (but the cost of living is higher and the style of living is lower). The current location of the company is in an area where people live well, the culture is great, and because it is in a college town, there are many fun things to do on weekends, plays to attend, sporting events, etc. The atmosphere is quite upbeat. The city where the company is moving to has very little in the way of entertainment, the housing costs are higher although not as nice, and property taxes are higher as well. The company is offering moving costs for relocation costs, but not house sale assistance. It is likely most of your employees are going to take the buy-out, but most of them are in their late 30s or early 40s and are not going to be happy about it.
The question: This term, we studied organizational development theory versus the more systematic nStep method of conducting a change process. What would be the pros/cons of using OD theory for this change project? What would be the pros/cons of using nStep? Which nStep would you recommend for this if you use one? Of the two methods (nStep or OD), which would you recommend we use for this particular change program? Why? (Points : 35)

Question 5. 5. (TCOs C,D) Your project this term asked you to compare and contrast two companies’ change projects or programs for change. This question will review what you learned about the change projects in a continuation of your project. It will ask you to apply course information to your project companies. For your answer, be sure to reference the names of the companies you studied in your project this term to help your instructor determine the score of your response.
Consider ONE of your company’s change projects (not both companies – just one.) State the company and the change process/program/project. Name the leader of the change from that company. Answer the following questions about that change:
A. Was the leader of this change project transactional or transformational? Define those two terms and explain why you feel your leader was mainly one or the other, or evenly divided between both.
B. Evaluate the leader’s implementation of the change as it compared to the company’s vision and mission statement. Were they aligned? Did this alignment (or misalignment) contribute to the success or failure of the change? Why or why not? (Points : 35)

Page: 1 2

Question 1. 1. (TCO A) Which of the following options properly identifies external and internal forces which drive change? (Points : 7)
External forces for change are totally environmental; internal forces for change are more economic.
An internal force for change is a lack of diversity in the make-up of the senior management, whereas an external force for change is a lawsuit by the EEOC requiring the management to correct diversity failure in the company.
Internal forces for change tend to create a faster change than external forces for change.
The mimetic isomorphism pressure to change was seen when Sarbanes Oxley was passed in order to ensure that an Enron-like scenario never happened again. This was an external vs. internal force for change.
None of the above

Question 2. 2. (TCO A) Which of the following best shows a company responding to identity pressures? (Points : 7)
McDonalds when they started selling coffee drinks and salads
Domino’s pizza’s new crust and pizza recipe
Dairy Queen when it invented “the Blizzard”
The Wall Street Journal when it went online
All of the above

Question 3. 3. (TCO B) Which of the following best defines the “Six Box” model of diagnosing change? (Points : 7)
Includes purpose, structure, rewards, and helpful mechanisms
Is based on the conceptualization of the organization as a transformation process
Can be a starting point for an organization that has not given attention to the trends that may impact its future operations
Includes strategy, structure, process, and lateral capability
Includes structure, style, skills, super-ordinate goals, etc.

Question 4. 4. (TCO B) During the diagnosis for change period, it is important to analyze the stakeholders for their readiness to change. Using the power-interest matrix, you review the level of interest and amount of power of stakeholders and determine the following: (Points : 7)
Your key players are those with the highest level of interest, but a lower level of power.
Your key players are those with the lowest level of interest, but the highest level of power.
Your most unimportant players are those with low levels of power but high interest.
Your stakeholders who need to be “kept informed only” are those with high levels of interest but lower levels of power.
Your stakeholders who need to be “kept informed only” are those with low levels of interest but higher levels of power.

Question 5. 5. (TCO C) The “nurturer” image of change agent will change focus when she moves from “change sponsor” to “change implementer” in the following way(s): (Points : 7)
A nurturer will be the planner, the instigator, and the decision maker for change so when she changes focus, she will ensure everyone follows the plan without determining or considering the results on people.
A nurturer will accept her role as sponsor and implementer and ensure her direct reports do the same.
A nurturer, like a caretaker, assumes that change managers receive rather than initiate change, and therefore has little role in implementation other than protection.
A nurturer, like Kotter’s theoretical manager Jim Kirk, will accept the change plan, initiate the change boldly, and ensure a new structure is determined through the project.
All of the above

Question 6. 6. (TCO C) “This organization is running like clockwork!” This statement by a company leader is likely to result in “no change” because (Points : 7)
the leader is blinded by the light.
the leader believes his vision and mission of the company will align when the change is over.
the leader has diagnosed by image that the company needs no change.
the PESTEL framework has been unchallenged for too long.
brainstorming for change was uneventful.

Question 7. 7. (TCO D) When leaders enact a vision through exemplification of required behaviors, thereby promoting themselves and their vision, they are (Points : 7)
scripting.
performing.
staging.
norming.
framing.

Question 8. 8. (TCO F) The Emotional Intelligence domains and associated competencies are used to help us determine when a potential change agent, or person, is ready for leadership. When a person exhibits the competencies of integrity, initiative, and optimism, we know he or she has reached the stage of (Points : 7)
Self-Awareness.
Social Awareness.
Relationship Management.
Self-Management.
Personal and Social.

Question 9. 9. (TCO G) One day, while on the company elevator, the head of HR is talking to the CEO and doesn’t realize his speaker phone is on when the CEO asks, “Do you think that we can afford to keep the downtown branch of the company open? Or is it time to think about across-the-board layoffs?” The HR head frowns, turns off the speaker and replies, “I’ll call you later” and hangs up. Four employees from the downtown branch are on the elevator and hear this comment. The HR head tells the four employees (whose names he does not know), “Say nothing about this. You heard nothing.” They immediately rush to their cubicles and begin spreading the word. The gossip has hit the entire department and local news agencies by the 6:00 news that night. The CEO is featured saying, “This is nothing but a rumor at this point. We have no current plan to lay off anyone.” This is an example of what type of communication plan on the part of the CEO? (Points : 7)
Spray and pray
Tell and sell
Underscore and explore
Identify and reply
Withhold and uphold

Question 10. 10. (TCO G) The change agent image of “interpreter” will most likely use which of the following key communication skills? (Points : 7)
Therapeutic listening skills
Appreciative listening skills
Appeal through deals
Storytelling, connecting the dots
Emotional breakdowns

Question 11. 11. (TCO H) According to Peter Senge and other change management experts, it is important to understand the limitations of measuring change because (Points : 7)
long-term wins almost never happen.
recognizing that traditional measures may also need to be changed will allow celebration of short-term wins.
most changes occur in a straight-line fashion.
when things get worse before they get better, it is time to halt the change and return to the old ways.
All of the above

Question 12. 12. (TCOs A, G, H) Which of the following is an example of the Beer, Nohria view of dimensions of change using Theory E + Theory O combined, from a leadership perspective? (Points : 8)
The Project Manager communicates to the software development team the timeline for a change and the CEO asks her to speed it up by 3 weeks.
The CIO decides to move from a mainframe approach to a PC approach, notifies all of her direct reports of the new vision, establishes a communication plan, timeline, and project roll-out plan, communicates the change (including positives and negatives) to stakeholders, and establishes a metrics system where innovation, efficiencies, and positive feedback on the project is measured and rewarded via awards, bonuses, and perks.
A fast food company decides to remove one slice of cheese from their cheeseburgers, although increasing the retail price by 10 cents, and has a cost savings which increases its stock price significantly. A group of health experts touts the company as being “health conscious” because the calorie content of the item is lowered.
The CEO of a Fortune 100 company hires a team of consultants to take over the HR department and eliminates all in-house HR people (about 85 employees).
A department head is invited to a meeting where he is asked to become a change agent for an exciting new product line. He accepts the assignment and goes back to his desk, whereupon he explains to his team that it is likely that their jobs will disappear in the next year because of job obsolescence, but that anyone who might like to consider helping with the new product line may be allowed to reapply for new jobs which open up.

Set 2

2. (TCOs A,E) Your project this term asked you to compare and contrast two companies’ change projects or programs for change. This question will review what you learned about the change projects in a continuation of your project. It will ask you to apply course information to your project companies. For your answer, be sure to reference the names of the companies you studied in your project this term to help your instructor determine the score of your response.
Recall that external and internal pressures often impact implementation of change in companies. For this question, please write an essay answering these questions:
1. Define specific (at least 2 each) external and internal pressures that will (or did) affect the implementation of the changes in your two companies. (10 points)

2. Name two strategies of handling these pressures that you would (have) suggested to the company leaders as being the most effective in managing those pressures during the implementation phase. (10 points)

C. Defend your positions with details about why you feel your strategies would assist with handling these pressures. (15 points) (Points : 35)

1. (TCO A) When JetBlue left their customers sitting on the tarmac for hours on Valentine’s Day, and their CEO was ultimately terminated as a result, the company was responding to (pick the best group) (Points : 7)

external, reputation, and credibility pressures.
hypercompetition, market decline, and internal pressures.
mandated, fashion, and force field pressures.
growth, identity, and new broom pressures.
All of the above

2. (TCO A) Which of the following best shows forces for change vs. forces for stability? (Points : 7)

Change forces are: adapting, sustaining, and predicting; whereas stability forces are: bureaucracy, trust, and control.
Change forces include: lay-offs, IPOs, and inventing new products; whereas stability forces are: hiring, stock buy-backs, and regular yearly dividends.
Change forces include: lay-offs, stock buy-backs, and bi-annual new models of iPhones; whereas stability forces are hiring freezes, bureaucracy, and regular yearly dividends.
Change forces include: Harry Potter Park at Universal Studios, Walt Disney Cruise Lines, and McDonald’s lattes; and stability forces are Cruise ship sinking at Giglio Island, bridging and buffering strategies, and JetBlue’s public apology after the Valentine’s Day fiasco.
Both A and C

3. (TCO B) Which of the following best defines the “congruence” model of diagnosing change? (Points : 7)

Includes purpose, structure, rewards, and helpful mechanisms
Is based on the conceptualization of the organization as a transformation process
Can be a starting point for an organization that has not given attention to the trends that may impact its future operations
Includes strategy, structure, process, and lateral capability
Includes structure, style, skills, super-ordinate goals, etc.

4. (TCO B) During the diagnosis for change period, it is important to analyze the stakeholders for their readiness to change. Using the power-interest matrix, you review the level of interest and amount of power of stakeholders and determine the following: (Points : 7)

Your key players are those with the highest level of interest, but a lower level of power.
Your key players are those with the lowest level of interest, but the highest level of power.
Your most unimportant players are those with low levels of power but high interest.
Your stakeholders who need to be “kept informed only” are those with high levels of interest but lower levels of power.
Your stakeholders who need to be “kept informed only” are those with low levels of interest but higher levels of power.

5. (TCO C) The Burke-Litwin model states that there are four transformational factors of change. Identify the answer below which contains at least three of those factors. (Points : 7)

Frames, lenses, angles, and hyperbole
Mission and strategy, leadership, and organizational culture
Hypotheses, problems, symptoms and inputs
Vision, identification strategies, litigation, and execution
None of the above

6. (TCO C) “This organization is running like clockwork!” This statement by a company leader is likely to result in “no change” because(Points : 7)

the leader is blinded by the light.
the leader believes his vision and mission of the company will align when the change is over.
the leader has diagnosed by image that the company needs no change.
the PESTEL framework has been unchallenged for too long.
brainstorming for change was uneventful.

7. (TCO D) The art of a leader managing the meaning of a vision for followers and aligning it with his or her values is called (Points : 7)

scripting.
performing.
staging.
norming.
framing.

8. (TCO F) The Emotional Intelligence domains and associated competencies are used to help us determine when a potential change agent, or person, is ready for leadership. When a person exhibits the competencies of integrity, initiative, and optimism, we know he or she has reached the stage of (Points : 7)

Self-Awareness.
Social Awareness.
Relationship Management.
Self-Management.
Personal and Social.

9. (TCO G) One day, while on the company elevator, the head of HR is talking to the CEO and doesn’t realize his speaker phone is on when the CEO asks, “Do you think that we can afford to keep the downtown branch of the company open? Or is it time to think about across-the-board layoffs?” The HR head frowns, turns off the speaker and replies, “I’ll call you later” and hangs up. Four employees from the downtown branch are on the elevator and hear this comment. The HR head tells the four employees (whose names he does not know), “Say nothing about this. You heard nothing.” They immediately rush to their cubicles and begin spreading the word. The gossip has hit the entire department and local news agencies by the 6:00 news that night. The CEO is featured saying, “This is nothing but a rumor at this point. We have no current plan to lay off anyone.” This is an example of what type of communication plan on the part of the CEO? (Points : 7)

Spray and pray
Tell and sell
Underscore and explore
Identify and reply
Withhold and uphold

10. (TCO G) Toxic handlers, as related to change management communication, do the following: (Points : 7)

handle all calls with the Environmental Protection Agency.
talk in stages using assertions, requests, and declarations.
listen empathetically, and help cool angry people down, act like sponges, and often burn out quickly.
All of the above
None of the above

11. (TCO H) A sign that a change is “sustained” could be seen as (Points : 7)

a significant and abrupt drop in the stock price of the company.
receiving an offer from a competitor to buy the company.
sending out WARN act notices.
finding that the change has become baked into the culture.
a reward system which is outdated.

12. (TCOs G,H) Review this story and pick the best answer based on your understanding of change management practices:
Company X,Y,Z establishes a vision for change where “cutting costs is critical to our survival” and establishes a reward system to the department which cuts costs the most in one quarter, and states it will be a “department-based reward” system for the next four quarters. By the “most” the management establishes, the cuts will be valued by a somewhat complicated algorithm % and $$ of cut in the total expense budget. The sales team goes for the gold and cuts their travel budget by 50%, which is by far the biggest department cut in both $ and %. They win the 1st quarter reward. In quarter 2, the IT team cuts expenses the most by ending the purchase of all new software or PCs. In quarter 3, the production line cuts their expenses the most by laying off 60% of the workers (sales have dropped significantly and technology problems have slowed production, so this was needed anyway.) (Points : 8)

The company did a good job establishing urgency and aligning metrics with the vision for change, and this change appears to be successful.
The company aligned metrics with the vision for change, and created its own nStep method of change.
The company culture is dysfunctional and could have learned from CEO Bethune and the Continental Airline’s own culture of “cost is everything.”
The company will probably win the J.D. Power and Associates award for customer satisfaction this year.
The reward system is a “spray and pray” system.

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HRM 587- 18

BUSN 278 Budgeting and Forecasting Final Exam Answer

Busn 278 Budgeting and Forecasting Final Exam A+ Complete Answer

Busn 278 Budgeting and Forecasting Final Exam_Answer

Busn 278 Budgeting and Forecasting Final Exam.

1. (TCO 1) Which one of the following is not a benefit of budgeting? (Points : 5)

It facilitates the coordination of activities.
It provides definite objectives for evaluating performance.
It provides assurance that the company will achieve its objectives.
It provides early warning signs of potential threats.

2. (TCO 2) Which of the following is not a qualitative forecasting method? (Points : 5)

Executive opinions
Sales force polling
Delphi method
Classical decomposition

3. (TCO 3) Which of the following statements regarding the t-statistic is true? (Points : 5)

The t-statistic cannot be negative.
The t-statistic measures how many standard errors the coefficient is away from the independent variable.
The higher the t-value, the more confidence we have in the coefficient.
Low t-values indicate high reliability.

4. (TCO 4) Which of the following statements regarding the risk associated with R&D activities is incorrect? (Points : 5)

The amount of time between the R&D activity and the cash flows from the project does not affect risk.
Greater risk is associated with creating new products than improving existing products.
Risk increases as the time between the R&D activity and the cash flows from the project increases.
Assessing risk is a vital part of research and development.

5. (TCO 5) Program budgeting does not include: (Points : 5)

Controlling
Programming
Budgeting
Planning

6. (TCO 6) The payback period technique ___________ (Points : 5)

should be used as a final screening tool.
can be the only basis for the capital budgeting decision.
is relatively easy to compute and understand.
considers the expected profitability of a project.

7. (TCO 6) The profitability index is computed by dividing the ___________ (Points : 5)

total cash flows by the initial investment.
present value of cash inflows by the present value of each outflow.
initial investment by the total cash flows.
initial investment by the present value of cash flows.

8. (TCO 6) A company projects annual cash inflows of $85,000 each year for the next five years if it invests $300,000 in new equipment. The equipment has a five-year life and an estimated salvage value of

$75,000. What is the accounting rate of return on this investment? (Points : 5)

28.3%
13.3%
15%
43.3%

9. (TCO 6) If an asset costs $210,000 and is expected to have a $30,000 salvage value at the end of its ten-year life, and generates annual net cash inflows of $30,000 each year, the payback period is _____.

(Points : 5)

5 years
6 years
7 years
8 years

10. (TCO 6) Hyde Inc. is comparing several alternative capital budgeting projects as shown below:

Projects A B C

Initial Investment $110,000 $90,000 $50,000

Present value of cash inflows $100,000 $100,000 $60,000

Using the profitability index, rank the projects, starting with the most attractive. (Points : 5)

A, C, B.
A, B, C.
C, A, B.
C, B, A.

11. (TCO 6) Cleaners, Inc. is considering purchasing equipment costing $30,000 with a six-year useful life. The equipment will provide cost savings of $7,300 and will be depreciated straight-line over its

useful life with no salvage value. Cleaners requires a 10% rate of return. What is the approximate net present value of this investment? (Points : 5)

$13,800
$1,794
$886
$2,748

12. (TCO 7) Which of the following would not appear as a fixed expense on a selling and administrative expense budget? (Points : 5)

Freight-out
Office salaries
Property taxes
Depreciation

13. (TCO 7) A company budgeted unit sales of 102,000 units for January, 2008 and 120,000 units for February, 2008. The company has a policy of having an inventory of units on hand at the end of each

month equal to 30% of next month’s budgeted unit sales. If there were 30,600 units of inventory on hand on December 31, 2007, how many units should be produced in January, 2008 in order for the company

to meet its goals? (Points : 5)

107,400 units
102,000 units
96,600 units
138,000 units

14. (TCO 8) Standards that are based on efficient activity with allowances for unavoidable losses are called _______ (Points : 5)

basic standards.
maximum efficiency standards.
currently attainable standards.
expected standards.

15. (TCO 9) A static budget is appropriate for __________ (Points : 5)

variable overhead costs.
direct materials costs.
fixed overhead costs.
none of these.

16. (TCO 9) If the activity level increases 10%, total variable costs will ___________. (Points : 5)

remain the same
increase by more than 10%
decrease by less than 10%
increase 10%

17. (TCO 9) At the high level of activity in November, 7,000 machine hours were run and power costs were $12,000. In April, a month of low activity, 2,000 machine hours were run and power costs amounted

to $6,000. Using the high-low method, what is the estimated fixed cost element of power costs? (Points : 5)

$12,000
$6,000
$3,600
$8,400

18. (TCO 10) Which of the following statements regarding budget reports is incorrect? (Points : 5)

The cost of budget reports should not outweigh the benefits.
Budget reports are used for planning, control, and information.
Reports prepared for upper management typically have fewer details than reports prepared for lower-level managers.
Reports are prepared more frequently for upper management than for lower-level managers.

Page 2

1. (TCO 7) The first step in creating the master budget is the sales budget. Describe this budget and the information it includes. Why is the accuracy of the sales budget important? (Points : 20)

2. (TCO 9) Understanding how costs behave can help managers plan operations and choose between various courses of action.

Part (a) Identify and describe the three types of cost behavior, including examples of each Part.

Part (b) As a manager, which cost behavior would you prefer and why? (Points : 20)

3. (TCO 6) Yappy Company is considering a capital investment of $320,000 in additional equipment. The new equipment is expected to have a useful life of 8 years with no salvage value. Depreciation is computed by the straight-line method. During the life of the investment, annual net income and cash inflows are expected to be $25,000 and $65,000, respectively. Yappy requires a 10% return on all new investments.

Part (a) Compute each of the following:
1: Payback period.
2: Net present value.
3: Profitability index.
4: Internal rate of return.
5: Accounting rate of return.

(b) Indicate whether the investment should be accepted or rejected. (Points : 30)

4. (TCO 7) Roswell Company has budgeted sales revenue as follows for the next 4 months as follows:

February

$150,000

March

$120,000

April

$105,000

May

$165,000

Past experience indicates that 80% of sales each month are on credit and that collection of credit sales occurs as follows: 60% in the month of sale, 35% in the month following the sale, and 3% in the second month following the sale. The other 2% is uncollectible.

Prepare a schedule which shows expected cash receipts from sales for the month of May.

5. (TCO 8) Eastern Company’s budgeted and actual sales for 2009 were:

Product

Budgeted Sales

Actual Sales

A

35,300 units at $2.00 per unit

32,700 units at $2.60 per unit

B

27,900 units at $5.00 per unit

29,200 units at $4.70 per unit

Part (a) Calculate the sales volume variance.
Part (b) Calculate the sales price variance.
Part (c) Calculate the total sales variance.

6. (TCO 9) The Mays Clinic has the following monthly telephone records and costs:
Calls

Costs

2,000

$2,400

1,500

2,000

2,200

2,600

2,500

2,900

2,300

2,700

1,700

2,200

Identify the fixed and variable cost elements using the high-low method.

2. (TCO 9) Understanding how costs behave can help managers plan operations and choose between various courses of action.

Part (a) Identify and describe the three types of cost behavior, including examples of each.
Part (b) As a manager, which cost behavior would you prefer and why? (Points : 20)

3. (TCO 6) Yappy Company is considering a capital investment of $320,000 in additional equipment. The new equipment is expected to have a useful life of 8 years with no salvage value. Depreciation is

computed by the straight-line method. During the life of the investment, annual net income and cash inflows are expected to be $25,000 and $65,000, respectively. Yappy requires a 10% return on all new

investments.

Part (a) Compute each of the following:
1: Payback period.
2: Net present value.
3: Profitability index.
4: Internal rate of return.
5: Accounting rate of return.
(b) Indicate whether the investment should be accepted or rejected. (Points : 30)

4. (TCO 7) Roswell Company has budgeted sales revenue as follows for the next 4 months as follows:

February

$150,000

March

$120,000

April

$105,000

May

$165,000

Past experience indicates that 80% of sales each month are on credit and that collection of credit sales occurs as follows: 60% in the month of sale, 35% in the month following the sale, and 3% in the second

month following the sale. The other 2% is uncollectible.

Prepare a schedule which shows expected cash receipts from sales for the month of May.

5. (TCO 8) Eastern Company’s budgeted and actual sales for 2009 were:

Product

Budgeted Sales

Actual Sales

A 35,300 units at $2.00 per unit

32,700 units at $2.60 per unit

B 27,900 units at $5.00 per unit

29,200 units at $4.70 per unit

Part (a) Calculate the sales volume variance.
Part (b) Calculate the sales price variance.
Part (c) Calculate the total sales variance.

6. (TCO 9) The Mays Clinic has the following monthly telephone records and costs:

Calls Costs

2,000 $2,400

1,500 2,000

2,200 2,600

2,500 2,900

2,300 2,700

1,700 2,200

Identify the fixed and variable cost elements using the high-low method.

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Devry Busn 278 Budgeting and Forecasting Final Exam_Answer

PROJ 595 Project Risk Management Week 8 Final Exam Complete Answer

PROJ 595_Project Risk Management Week 8 Final Exam Complete Answer

Set 1

Question 1. (TCOs A and B) An EVM analysis employs which factors to evaluate risks? (Points : 5)
Risk and impact
Probability and urgency
Impact and probability
Decision trees and reliability of data

Question 2. (TCO G) You have completed all design drawings and have a complete scope for your project. You need to hire a contractor to build the product to your designs. Which type of contract would be best in this situation? (Points : 5)
FPEPA
T&M
CPIF
FP
Question 3. (TCO D) In which risk response strategy is the responsibility for the risk moved to a third party? (Points : 5)
Transference and sharing
Exploitation and avoidance
Acceptance and enhancement
Mitigation and active acceptance

4. (TCOs A and B) You have been appointed as a project manager for a high-dollar project for a government agency, and you have been asked by your boss to identify the stakeholder groups and the individuals who make up those groups in order to start the stakeholder analysis. Identify at least six groups of stakeholders and the individuals who comprise those groups, and explain when the stakeholder identification process should take place during the planning of the project. (Points: 20)

5. (TCO B) Due to globalization within your industry, you have been appointed as the project manager for an R & D project. Your task is to create a new technologically advanced solar cell. You want to employ the PMBOK® Guide risk management process. Senior management would like you to briefly describe the process and all its steps. Please create a short briefing for senior management below. (Points : 40)

6. (TCO I) You are the project manager on a critical project for your corporation. You have decided to employ fault-tree analysis on your project. What is fault-tree analysis, and how can it be applied to your project? (Points : 25)

7. (TCO H) Senior management is concerned about risk owners on your project. What is the role of a risk owner in the risk management process? (Points: 20)

8. (TCO F) You are a project manager for a large healthcare R & D project. Senior management has asked you to utilize a sensitivity analysis and a tornado diagram to quantify risks on your project. Senior management’s major concern is the price of raw materials in the development of the new drug. Describe how to perform a sensitivity analysis and use a tornado diagram to quantify risks to your project. (Points : 25)

9. TCO G) Describe and discuss when one should use an FPEPA contract. Compare and contrast this to a typical FP contract. (Points: 20)

10. (TCO E) Senior management has just returned from a risk management workshop. One of the topics was reserve analysis. Management does not completely understand the concept and asks you what the purpose is of performing reserve analysis during the risk management process. (Points : 20)

11. (TCO D) You are the project manager for an important healthcare project. You are performing qualitative risk analysis. Below are the values of probability and impact for the top six risks that were given to you by project team. Assuming a neutral stakeholder tolerance, which risks must be addressed proactively if possible?(Points : 25)

12. TCO C) You are the project manager for a large health information technology project. You are confronted with an important decision on your project: How much scenario testing is appropriate for this project? Employ decision tree analysis to provide senior management with the best course of action for this decision.
For this decision, you have three possible choices: no scenario testing of the design, moderate scenario testing of the design, or full scenario testing of the design. No scenario testing will incur no additional costs due to testing and has a 10% chance of a successful implementation. If it is unsuccessful, rework costs are likely to be $30 million. Moderate scenario testing will cost $5 million and has a 50% chance of success. If it is unsuccessful, rework costs are likely to be $30 million. Full scenario testing will cost $10 million and has a 90% chance of success. If it is unsuccessful, rework costs are likely to be $30 million. Which solution is appropriate for this project?

Set 2

1. (TCOs A and B) Quantitative risk analysis does all of the following, except
perform a Monte Carlo analysis.
employ EVM.
utilize sensitivity analysis.
employ a risk matrix.

Question 2. 2. (TCO G) You need to ensure your project is completed by July 1 of next year. You do not have time to do all the design work yourself, so you decide to contract out that work. Which type of contract would likely be best in this situation?
Cost plus
Fixed price with economic price adjustment
Fixed price with incentives
Cost plus with incentives

Question 3. 3. (TCO D) Which risk response strategy is most appropriate for risks on the watch list?
Transference
Exploitation
Passive acceptance
Active acceptance

4. (TCOs A and B) You have been appointed as a project manager for a high-dollar project for a government agency, and you have been asked by your boss to identify the stakeholder groups and the individuals who make up those groups in order to start the stakeholder analysis. Identify at least six groups of stakeholders and the individuals who comprise those groups, and explain when the stakeholder identification process should take place during the planning of the project. (Points: 20)

Question 6. 6. (TCO C) You are the project manager for a large health information technology project. You are confronted with an important decision on your project: How much posttesting of the design is appropriate for this project? Employ decision tree analysis to provide senior management with the best course of action for this decision.
For this decision, you have three possible choices: no posttesting of the design, moderate posttesting of the design, or full posttesting of the design. No posttesting will incur no additional costs due to testing and has a 25% chance of a successful implementation. If it is unsuccessful, rework costs are likely to be $30 million dollars. Moderate testing will cost $5 million and has a 50% chance of success. If it is unsuccessful, rework costs are likely to be $30 million. Full testing will cost $10 million and has a 75% chance of success. If it is unsuccessful, rework costs are likely to be $30 million. Which solution is appropriate for this project? (Points : 40)

Question 7. 7. (TCO D) You are the project manager for an important healthcare project. You are performing qualitative risk analysis. Below are the values of probability and impact for the top six risks that were given to you by project team. Assuming a neutral stakeholder tolerance, which risks must be addressed proactively if possible?
(Points : 25)

Question 8. 8. (TCO E) Senior management is very interested in creating an effective risk monitoring and control system that is tied to a performance monitoring system for your project. Describe what a good monitoring and control and performance measurement system for your project would look like. Be sure to include an example to help illustrate your answer. (Points : 20)

Question 9. 9. (TCO F) You are a project manager for a large healthcare R & D project. Senior management has asked you to utilize a sensitivity analysis and a tornado diagram to quantify risks on your project. Senior management’s major concern is the price of raw materials in the development of the new drug. Describe how to perform a sensitivity analysis and use a tornado diagram to quantify risks to your project. (Points : 25)

Question 10. 10. (TCO G) Describe and discuss when one should use an FPEPA contract. Compare and contrast this to a typical FP contract. (Points : 20)

Question 11. 11. (TCO H) You are in a status meeting with key project stakeholders. You are discussing residual and secondary risks in your project. The stakeholders are becoming concerned about these concepts. The key stakeholders ask for an explanation and example of each. How would you describe each? Provide an example of a residual and a secondary risk.

Question 12. 12. (TCO I) You are the project manager on a complete overhaul of your corporation’s IT infrastructure. You have decided to employ fault-tree analysis on your project. What is fault-tree analysis, and how can it be applied to your project?

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PROJ 595 Project Risk Management Week 8 Final Exam_Modified

ACCT 550 Final Exam Answer Set 1 and 2 A+ Answer

ACCT 550 Final Exam Answer Set 1 and 2 All Correct A+ Answer

SET 1:

1. (TCO A) Listed below are several information, characteristics, and accounting principles and assumptions. Match the letter of each with the appropriate phrase that states its application.
(Points : 30)
Potential Matches:

1 : Earnings process completed and realized or realizable

2 : Cost of providing financial information versus the benefits derived from its use

3 : Accruals and deferrals in adjusting and closing process

4 : Business enterprise assumed to have a long life

5 : Stable dollar assumption

6 : Notes as part of necessary information to a fair presentation

7 : Valuing assets at amount originally paid for them

8 : The impact of an item on the overall financial operations of a company

9 : Presentation of error-free information with representational faithfulness

Answer

: Historical cost principle

: Going concern principle

: Matching principle

: Monetary unit

: Revenue recognition principle

: Full disclosure principle

: Reliability characteristic

: Cost-benefit relationship

: Materiality constraint

2. (TCO B) Adjusting Entries: Unearned rent at 1/1/12 was $28,300 and at 12/31/12 was $48,200. The records indicate cash receipts from rental sources during 2010 amounted to $145,200, all of which was credited to the Unearned Rent Account. You are to supply the missing adjusting entry.

3. (TCO B) Adjusting Entries: Information relating to the balances of various accounts affected by adjusting or closing entries appear below. You are asked to supply the missing journal entries which would account for the changes in the account balances. Interest receivable at 1/1/12 was $8,000. During 2010 cash received from debtors for interest on outstanding notes receivable amounted to $11,000. The 2010 income statement showed interest revenue in the amount of $8,900. You are to provide the missing adjusting entry that must have been made, assuming reversing entries are not made.

4. (TCO B) Adjusting Entries: Accumulated depreciation-machinery at 1/1/10 was $150,000. At 12/31/10, the balance of the account was $300,000. During 2010, one piece of equipment was sold. The equipment had an original cost of $100,000 and was 1/2 depreciated when sold. You are to prepare the missing adjusting entry. For each journal entry write Dr. for debit and Cr. for credit.

5. (TCO B) Adjusting Entries: Allowance for Doubtful accounts made on 1/1/10 was $40,000. The balance in the allowance account on 12/31/10 after making the annual adjusting entry was $60,000 and during 2010 bad debts written off amounted to $30,000. You are to provide the missing adjusting entry. For each journal entry write Dr. for debit and Cr. for credit.

Second Part

1. (TCO B) Adjusting Entries: Prepaid rent at 1/1/10 was $9,000. During 2010 rent payments of $110,000 were made and charged to “rent expense.” The 2010 income statement shows as a general expense the item “rent expense” in the amount of $111,000. You are to prepare the missing adjusting entry that must have been made, assuming reversing entries are not made. For each journal entry write Dr. for debit and Cr. for credit.

2. (TCO B) Adjusting Entries: Retained earnings at 1/1/10 were $100,000 and at 12/31/10 it was $300,000. During 2010, cash dividends of $40,000 were paid and a stock dividend of $40,000 was issued. Both dividends were properly charged to retained earnings. You are to provide the missing closing entry. For each journal entry write Dr. for debit and Cr. for credit.

3. (TCO C) Here is information related to the DRF Corporation.
Retained earnings, December 31, 2012
$ 3,890,000
Sales
4,500,000
Selling and administrative expenses
387,000
Extraordinary Item(Loss)(Net of Tax)
178,000
Cash dividends declared on common stock
82,600
Cost of good sold
1,780,000
Other revenue
142,500
Other expenses
77,800

Instructions: Prepare a multiple step income statement.

4. (TCO D) This is a balance sheet for the ABC corporation as of 12/31/12.
Cash
$ 60,000
Accounts payable
$ 55,000
Accounts receivable (net)
42,200
Long-term liabilities
60,000
Inventories
47,000
Stockholders’ equity
208,500
Investments
66,300
Equipment (net)
86,000
Patents
22,000
Total $323500
Total $323500

The following additional information is provided:
(1) Cash includes the cash surrender value of a life insurance policy $7,400 and a bank overdraft of $1,500 has been deducted.
(2) The net accounts receivable balance includes:
(a) accounts receivable debit balances $56,000;
(b) accounts receivable credit balances $6,000; and
(c) allowance for doubtful accounts $7,800.
(3) Inventories do not include goods costing $6,000 shipped out on consignment. Receivables of $2,000 were recorded on these goods.
(4) Investments include investments in common stock, trading $14,000, available-for-sale $48,300, and franchises $4,000.
(5) Equipment costing $5,000 with accumulated depreciation $4,000 is no longer used and is held for sale. Accumulated depreciation on the other equipment is $40,000.
Instructions:
Prepare a balance sheet in good form (stockholders’ equity details can be omitted).
Do not worry about balancing the statement but rather use your time to compute the account balances properly for presentation purposes.

5. (TCO E) Jack Sawyer is presently leasing a copier from John Office Equipment Company. The lease requires 11 annual payments of $3,500 at the end of each year and provides the leaser (John) with an 8% return on its investment. You may use the following 8% interest factors.

9 Periods
10 Periods
11 Periods
Future Value of 1
1.99900
2.15892
2.33164

Present Value of 1
.50025
.46319
.42888
Future Value of
12.48756
14.48656
16.64549
Ordinary Annuity of 1
Present Value of
6.24689
6.71008
7.13896
Ordinary Annuity of 1
Present Value of
6.74664
7.24689
7.71008
Annuity Due of 1
Instructions
(a) Assuming the computer has an 11-year life and will have no salvage value at the expiration of the lease, what was the original cost of the copier to John?
(b) What amount would each payment be if the 11 annual payments are to be made at the beginning of each period?

6. (TCO F) Daniels Company deposits all receipts and makes all payments by check. The following information is available from the cash records.
MARCH 31
BANK RECONCILIATION
Balance per bank
$26,746
Add: Deposits in transit
2,100
Deduct: Outstanding checks
(3,800)
Balance per books
$25,046
Month of April Results
Per Bank
Per Books
Balance April 30
$27,995
$24,355
April deposits
8,864
13,889
April checks
13,100
14,080
April note collected
3,000
-0-
(not included in April deposits)

April bank service charge
35
-0-
April NSF check of a customer returned by the bank
(recorded by bank as a charge)
900
-0-
Instructions
Calculate the amount of the April 30
(1) deposits in transit; and
(2) outstanding checks.
Show all your work for potential partial credit.

7. Steve Company was formed on December 1, 2010. The following information is available from Steve’s inventory record for Product X.

Units Unit Cost

January 1, 2012 (beginning inventory) 2800 $17.00

Purchases:

05-Jan-12 3600 $25.00

25-Jan-12 2800 $27.00

16-Feb-12 2400 $32.00

15-Mar-12 3300 $34.00

A physical inventory on March 31, 2012, shows 4800 units on hand.
Instructions:
Prepare schedules to compute the ending inventory at March 31, 2012, under each of the following inventory methods.
(a) FIFO
(b) LIFO
(c) Weighted-average
Show supporting computations in good form. (Points : 40)

8. (TCO H) A machine cost $300,000 on April 1, 2012. Its estimated salvage value is $60,000 and its expected life is 8 years.
Instructions:
Calculate the depreciation expense (to the nearest dollar) by each of the following methods, showing the figures used.
(a) Straight-line for 2012
(b) Double-declining balance for 2013
(c) Sum-of-the-years’-digits for 2013.

SET 2:

1. Question : (TCO A) Listed below are several information, characteristics, and accounting principles and assumptions. Match the letter of each with the appropriate phrase that states its application.

2. Question : (TCO B) Adjusting Entries: Unearned rent at 1/1/10 was $5,300 and at 12/31/10 was $6,000. The records indicate cash receipts from rental sources during 2010 amounted to $60,000, all of which was credited to the Unearned Rent Account.

You are to prepare the missing adjusting entry. For each journal entry write Dr. for debit and Cr. for credit.

3. Question : (TCO B) Adjusting Entries: Data relating to the balances of various accounts affected by adjusting or closing entries appear below. (The entries which caused the changes in the balances are not given.) You are asked to supply the missing journal entries which would logically account for the changes in the account balances. Interest receivable at 1/1/10 was $1,000. During 2010 cash received from debtors for interest on outstanding notes receivable amounted to $1,000. The 2010 income statement showed interest revenue in the amount of $2,900. You are to provide the missing adjusting entry that must have been made, assuming reversing entries are not made. For each journal entry write Dr. for debit and Cr. for credit.

4. Question : (TCO B) Adjusting Entries: Accumulated depreciation-machinery at 1/1/10 was $150,000. At 12/31/10, the balance of the account was $300,000. During 2010,

one piece of equipment was sold. The equipment had an original cost of $100,000 and was 1/2 depreciated when sold. You are to prepare the missing adjusting entry. For each journal entry write Dr. for debit and Cr. for credit.

5. Question : (TCO B) Adjusting Entries: Allowance for doubtful accounts on 1/1/10 was $70,000. The balance in the allowance account on 12/31/10 after making the annual adjusting entry was $70,000 and during 2010 bad debts written off amounted to $40,000. You are to provide the missing adjusting entry. For each journal entry write Dr. for debit and Cr. for credit.

Page: 1 2

1. Question : (TCO B) Adjusting Entries: Prepaid rent at 1/1/10 was $30,000. During 2010 rent payments of $100,000 were made and charged to “rent expense.” The 2010 income statement shows as a general expense the item “rent expense” in the amount of $130,000. You are to prepare the missing

adjusting entry that must have been made, assuming reversing entries are not made. For each journal entry write Dr. for debit and Cr. for credit.

2. Question : (TCO B) Adjusting Entries: Retained earnings at 1/1/10 were $100,000 and at 12/31/10 it was $300,000. During 2010, cash dividends of $40,000 were paid and a stock dividend of $40,000 was issued. Both dividends were properly charged to retained earnings. You are to provide the missing closing entry. For each journal entry write Dr. for debit and Cr. for credit.

3. Question : (TCO C) Presented below is information related to Bruce Van Company. Retained earnings, December 31, 2010 $650,000
Sales 1,400,000
Selling and administrative expenses 240,000
Hurricane loss (pre-tax) on plant (extraordinary item) 290,000
Cash dividends declared on common stock 33,600
Cost of goods sold 780,000
Gain resulting from computation error on depreciation charge in 2009(pre-tax) 520,000
Other revenue 120,000

Other expenses 100,000

Instructions: Prepare in good form a multiple-step income statement for the year 2011. Assume a 30% tax rate and that 80,000 shares of common stock were outstanding during the year. Show EPS computations as well.

4. Question : (TCO D) The following balance sheet was prepared by the bookkeeper for Purple Company as of December 31, 2011 Purple Company Balance Sheet as of December 31, 2011 Cash $ 80,000 Accounts payable $ 75,000
Accounts receivable (net) 52,200 Long-term liabilities 100,000
Inventories 57,000 Stockholders’ equity 218,500
Investments 76,300
Equipment (net) 96,000
Patents
$393,500 $393,500
The following additional information is provided:
(1) Cash includes the cash surrender value of a life insurance policy $12,000, and a bank overdraft of $2,500 has been deducted.
(2) The net accounts receivable balance includes:
(a) accounts receivable debit balances $60,000;
(b) accounts receivable 0;
(c) allowance for doubtful accounts $3,800.
(3) Inventories do not include goods costing $3,000 shipped out on consignment. Receivables of $3,000 were recorded on these goods.
(4) Investments include investments in common stock, trading $13,000, available-for-sale $48,300, and franchises $15,000.
(5) Equipment costing $5,000 with accumulated depreciation

$4,000 is no longer used and is held for sale. Accumulated depreciation on the other equipment is $40,000.
(6) An unrecorded liability was not recorded on the balance sheet of $2000.
Instructions
Prepare a balance sheet in good form (stockholders’ equity details can be omitted.)

5. Question : (TCO E) Jack Sawyer is presently leasing a copier from John Office Equipment Company. The lease requires 11 annual payments of $2,500 at the end of each year and provides the leaser (John) with an 8% return on its investment. You may use the following 8% interest factors:

9 Periods 10 Periods 11 Periods
Future Value of 1 1.99900 2.15892 2.33164
Present Value of 1 .50025 .46319 .42888
Future Value of 12.48756 14.48656
Ordinary Annuity of 1
Present Value of 6.24689 6.71008 7.13896
Ordinary Annuity of 1
Present Value of 6.74664 7.24689 7.71008
Annuity Due of 1
(a) Assuming the computer has an eleven-year life and will have no salvage value at the expiration of the lease, what was the original cost of the copier to John?
(b) What amount would each payment be if the 11 annual payments are to be made at the beginning of each period?

6. Question : (TCO F) Daniels Company deposits all receipts and makes all payments by check. The following information is available from the cash records:
MARCH 31
BANK RECONCILIATION

Balance per bank $26,746
Add: Deposits in transit 2,100
Deduct: Outstanding checks (3,800)
Balance per books $25,046
Month of April Results Per Bank Per Books
Balance April 30 $27,995 $24,355
April deposits 8,864 13,889
April checks 13,100 14,080
April note collected 3,000 -0-
(not included in April deposits)
April bank service charge 35 -0-
April NSF check of
a customer returned by the bank
(recorded by bank as a charge) 900 -0-
Instructions
Calculate the amount of the April 30:
(1) Deposits in transit
(2) Outstanding checks
Show all your work for potential partial credit.

7. Question : (TCO G) Rye Company was formed on December 1, 2010. The following information is available from Rye’s inventory record for Product Bread. Units Unit Cost
January 1, 2011 (beginning inventory) 1,700 $17.00
Purchases:
January 5, 2011 2,600 $20.00
January 25, 2011 2,400 $21.00
February

16, 2011 1,000 $22.00
March 15, 2011 2,100 $25.00

A physical inventory on March 31, 2011, shows 3,000 units on hand.
Instructions
Prepare schedules to compute the ending inventory at March 31, 2011, under each of the following inventory methods:
(a) FIFO.
(b) LIFO.
(c) Weighted-average.
Show supporting computations in good form.

8. Question : (TCO H) A machine cost $500,000 on April 1, 2010. Its estimated salvage value is $50,000 and its expected life is eight years.
Instructions
Calculate the depreciation expense (to the nearest dollar) by each of the following methods, showing the figures used.
(a) Straight-line for 2010
(b) Double-declining balance for 2011
(c) Sum-of-the-years’-digits for 2011

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ACCT 553 Week 7 Homework Chapters 10-11-12 Complete A+ Answer

ACCT 553 Week 7 Homework Chapters 10-11-12 Complete A+ Answer

ACCT 553 Week 7 Homework Chapters 10-11-12 Complete A+ Answer

1. Please explain the distinction between a “realized” gain and a “recognized” gain. (5 pts)

2. Are there any limits to the deductibility of losses on sales and exchanges between related parties? What code section defines this limitation? (5 pts.)

3. What is the basis of property received (i.e. new property) in a like-kind exchange? What is the holding period for the new asset? (5 pts.)

4. David purchased stock in Zoll Corporation in 1985 for $6,000. On April 16, 2013 he gifted the stock to his daughter Susan; at the time of the gift, the Zoll stock was valued at $250,000. Susan sold the stock the next month for $ 252,000. What is Susan’s gain or loss and what is the character of the gain or loss? ( 5 pts.)

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ACCT 553 Week 7 Homework Chapters 10-11-12 Complete A+ Answer