## Archive for the ‘Management’ Category

## FIN 515 Managerial Finance Week 5 Problem Set Answer

**FIN 515 Managerial Finance Week 5 Problem Set Answer**

**FIN 515 Managerial Finance Week 5 Problem Set Answer**

Week 5 Problem Set

Chapter 10 (pages 345–348):

4.You bought a stock one year ago for $50 per share and sold it today for $55 per share. It paid a $1 per share dividend today.

a. What was your realized return?

b. How much of the return came from dividend yield and how much came from capital gain?20.Consider two local banks. Bank A has 100 loans outstanding, each for $1 million, that it expects will be repaid today. Each loan has a 5% probability of default, in which case the bank is not repaid anything. The chance of default is independent across all the loans. Bank B has only one loan of $100 million outstanding, which it also expects will be repaid today. It also has a 5% probability of not being repaid. Explain the difference between the type of risk each bank faces. Which bank faces less risk? Why?

22.Consider the following two, completely separate, economies. The expected return and volatility of all stocks in both economies is the same. In the first economy, all stocks move together—in good times all prices rise together and in bad times they all fall together. In the second economy, stock returns are independent—one stock increasing in price has no effect on the prices of other stocks. Assuming you are risk-averse and you could choose one of the two economies in which to invest, which one would you choose? Explain.

30. What does the beta of a stock measure?

35. Suppose the market risk premium is 5% and the risk-free interest rate is 4%. Using the data in Table 10.6 (also shown above), calculate the expected return of investing in

a. Starbucks’ stock.

b. Hershey’s stock.

c. Autodesk’s stock.Chapter 11 (pages 390–396):

2. You own three stocks: 600 shares of Apple Computer, 10,000 shares of Cisco Systems, and 5,000 shares of Colgate-Palmolive. The current share prices and expected returns of Apple, Cisco, and Colgate-Palmolive are, respectively, $500, $20, $100 and 12%, 10%, 8%.

a. What are the portfolio weights of the three stocks in your portfolio?

b. What is the expected return of your portfolio?

c. Suppose the price of Apple stock goes up by $25, Cisco rises by $5, and Colgate-Palmolive falls by $13. What are the new portfolio weights?

d. Assuming the stocks’ expected returns remain the same, what is the expected return of the portfolio at the new prices?50. Suppose Autodesk stock has a beta of 2.16, whereas Costco stock has a beta of 0.69. If the risk-free interest rate is 4% and the expected return of the market portfolio is 10%, what is the expected return of a portfolio that consists of 60% Autodesk stock and 40% Costco stock, according to the CAPM?

26.Unida Systems has 40 million shares outstanding trading for $10 per share. In addition, Unida has $100 million in outstanding debt. Suppose Unida’s equity cost of capital is 15%, its debt cost of capital is 8%, and the corporate tax rate is 40%.

a. What is Unida’s unlevered cost of capital?b. What is Unida’s after-tax debt cost of capital?

c. What is Unida’s weighted average cost of capital?

27.You would like to estimate the weighted average cost of capital for a new airline business. Based on its industry asset beta, you have already estimated an unlevered cost of capital for the firm of 9%. However, the new business will be 25% debt financed, and you anticipate its debt cost of capital will be 6%. If its corporate tax rate is 40%, what is your estimate of its WACC?

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## FIN 515 Managerial Finance Week 5 Discussion 2 Finding Stock Values for Real Stocks Using Beta and the SML Answer

**FIN 515 Managerial Finance Week 5 Discussion 2 Finding Stock Values for Real Stocks Using Beta and the SML Answer**

**FIN 515 Managerial Finance Week 5 Discussion 2 Finding Stock Values for Real Stocks Using Beta and the SML Answer**

Finding Stock Values for Real Stocks Using Beta and the SML

Our second discussion topic concerns the calculation of stock values using the Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM). We will start with a discussion of risk and work towards practical application of the model. The textbook provides a list of betas for a selection of stocks. Choose a few firms from that list and discuss whether the betas are what you would expect. Be sure to explain why or why not.

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## FIN 515 Managerial Finance Week 5 Discussion 1 Calculating WACC for a Real Firm Answer

**FIN 515 Managerial Finance Week 5 Discussion 1 Calculating WACC for a Real Firm Answer**

**FIN 515 Managerial Finance Week 5 Discussion 1 Calculating WACC for a Real Firm Answer**

Calculating WACC for a Real Firm

The Weighted Average Cost of Capital (WACC) for a firm can be calculated or found through research. Select two firms in the same industry. The industry may be that in which you currently work or it may be an industry in which you are interested. Calculate or find the WACC for the two firms. How do the WACCs compare? Are the WACCs what you would expect? What causes the differences between the two firms’ WACCs?

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## FIN 515 Managerial Finance Week 4 Stocks and Bonds Midterm Set 1 and 2 A+ Answer

**FIN 515 Managerial Finance Week 4 Stocks and Bonds Midterm Set 1 and 2 A+ Answer**

**FIN 515 Managerial Finance Week 4 Stocks and Bonds Midterm Set 1 and 2 A+ Answer**

Week 4 Problem SetSet 1

Week 4 : Stocks and Bonds – Midterm

Question 1. (TCO G) If Company A and Company B are in the same industry and use the same production method, and Company A’s asset turnover is higher than that of Company B, then all else equal we can conclude

Company A is more efficient than Company B.

Company A has a lower dollar amount of assets than Company B.

Company A has higher sales than Company B.

Company A has a lower ROE than Company B.Question 2. The firm’s asset turnover measures

the value of assets held per dollar of shareholder equity.

the return the firm has earned on its past investments.

the firm’s ability to sell a product for more than the cost of producing it.

how efficiently the firm is utilizing its assets to generate sales.Question 3. (TCO G) If Moon Corporation has an increase in sales, which of the following would result in no change in its EBIT margin?

A proportional increase in its net income.

A proportional decrease in its EBIT.

A proportional increase in its EBIT.

An increase in its operating expenses.Question 3. Your daughter is currently 8 years old. You anticipate that she will be going to college in 10 years. You would like to have $100,000 in a savings account to fund her education at that time. If the account promises to pay a fixed interest rate of 3% per year, how much money do you need to put into the account today to ensure that you will have $100,000 in 10 years?

Question 4. (TCO B) If today you put $10,000 into an account paying 10% annually, how much will there be in the account after 5 years? Show your work.

Question 5. You would like to buy the house and take the mortgage described in Problem 36. You can afford to pay only $23,500 per year. The bank agrees to allow you to pay this amount each year, yet still borrow $300,000. At the end of the mortgage (in 30 years), you must make a balloon payment; that is, you must repay the remaining balance on the mortgage. How much will this balloon payment be?

Question 6. You take out a 5 year car loan for $20,000. The loan has a 5% annual interest rate. The payments are made monthly. What are the monthly payments? Show your work.

Question 7. (TCO B) You currently have $10,000 in your retirement account. If you deposit $500 per month and the account pays 5% interest, how much will be in the account in 10 years?

Question 8. A homebuyer is taking out a mortgage with a balloon payment. The loan amount is $100,000 and the annual interest rate is 5%. The homebuyer will make equal monthly payments for 5 years except the last payment will include an additional payment of $20,000. How much will the equal monthly payments be? Show your work.

Question 9. (TCO F) A project requires an initial cash outlay of $95,000 and has expected cash inflows of $20,000 annually for 9 years. The cost of capital is 10%. What is the project’s NPV?

Question 10. (TCO F) A project requires an initial cash outlay of $40,000 and has expected cash inflows of $12,000 annually for 7 years. The cost of capital is 10%. What is the project’s payback period? Show your work.

Question 11. A certain bond pays a semiannual coupon rate at a 10% annual rate. The bond has a par value of $1,000. There are eight years to maturity. The yield to maturity is 9%. What is the current price of the bond?

Question 12. (TCO F) A project requires an initial cash outlay of $40,000 and has expected cash inflows of $12,000 annually for 7 years. The cost of capital is 10%. What is the project’s IRR? Show your work.

Question 13. (TCO F) A project requires an initial cash outlay of $60,000 and has expected cash inflows of $15,000 annually for 8 years. The cost of capital is 10%. What is the project’s discounted payback period? Show your work.

Set 2

Week 4 : Stocks and Bonds – Midterm

Question 1. 1. (TCO G) If Company A and Company B are in the same industry and use the same production method, and Company A’s asset turnover is higher than that of Company B, then all else equal we can conclude (Points : 10)

Company A is more efficient than Company B.

Company A has a lower dollar amount of assets than Company B.

Company A has higher sales than Company B.

Company A has a lower ROE than Company B.Question 2. 2. (TCO G) If Moon Corporation has an increase in sales, which of the following would result in no change in its EBIT margin? (Points : 10)

A proportional increase in its net income.

A proportional decrease in its EBIT.

A proportional increase in its EBIT.

An increase in its operating expenses.Question 3. 3. (TCO B) If today you put $10,000 into an account paying 10% annually, how much will there be in the account after 5 years? Show your work. (Points : 20)

Question 4. 4. (TCO B) You take out a 5 year car loan for $20,000. The loan has a 5% annual interest rate. The payments are made monthly. What are the monthly payments? Show your work. (Points : 20)

Question 5. 5. (TCO B) You currently have $10,000 in your retirement account. If you deposit $500 per month and the account pays 5% interest, how much will be in the account in 10 years? Show your work. (Points : 20)

Question 6. 6. (TCO B) A homebuyer is taking out a mortgage with a balloon payment. The loan amount is $100,000 and the annual interest rate is 5%. The homebuyer will make equal monthly payments for 5 years except the last payment will include an additional payment of $20,000. How much will the equal monthly payments be? Show your work. (Points : 20)

Question 7. 7. (TCO F) A project requires an initial cash outlay of $95,000 and has expected cash inflows of $20,000 annually for 9 years. The cost of capital is 10%. What is the project’s NPV? Show your work. (Points : 10)

Question 8. 8. (TCO F) A project requires an initial cash outlay of $40,000 and has expected cash inflows of $12,000 annually for 7 years. The cost of capital is 10%. What is the project’s payback period? Show your work. (Points : 10)

Question 9. 9. (TCO F) A project requires an initial cash outlay of $40,000 and has expected cash inflows of $12,000 annually for 7 years. The cost of capital is 10%. What is the project’s IRR? Show your work. (Points : 20)

Question 10. 10. (TCO F) A project requires an initial cash outlay of $60,000 and has expected cash inflows of $15,000 annually for 8 years. The cost of capital is 10%. What is the project’s discounted payback period? Show your work. (Points : 20)

Question 11. 11. (TCO F) Company A has the opportunity to do any, none, or all of the projects for which the net cash flows per year are shown below. Projects A and C can be done together. Projects B and C can be done together. But Projects A and B are mutually exclusive. The company has a cost of capital of 18%. Which should the company do and why? You must use at least two capital budgeting methods. Show your work.

A B C

0 -500 -500 -600

1 200 -200 100

2 200 600 100

3 200 400 100

4 200 200 100

5 200 -300 100

6 200 100

7 -300 100

(Points : 40)

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## FIN 515 Managerial Finance Week 4 Problem Set Answer

**FIN 515 Managerial Finance Week 4 Problem Set Answer**

**FIN 515 Managerial Finance Week 4 Problem Set Answer**

Week 4 Problem SetBonds-1. Interest on a certain issue of bonds is paid annually with a coupon rate of 8%. The bonds have a par value of $1,000. The yield to maturity is 9%. What is the current market piece of these bonds? The bonds will mature in 5 years.

Bonds-2. A certain bond has 12 years left to maturity. Interest is paid annually at a coupon rate of 10%. The bonds are currently selling for $850. What is their YTM?

Bonds-3. A certain bond pays a semiannual coupon rate at a 10% annual rate. The bond has a par value of $1,000. There are eight years to maturity. The yield to maturity is 9%. What is the current price of the bond?

Bonds-4. A particular corporate bond has a par value of $1,000. Coupon payments are $40 and are paid twice a year. Seven years are left on the life of the bond. The YTM is 9%. What is the price of the bond?

Bond-5. A given bond has 5 years to maturity. It has a face value of $1,000. It has a YTM of 5% and the coupons are paid semiannually at a 10% annual rate. What does the bond currently sell for?

Bond-6. A given bond has five years left to maturity. Interest is paid annually and the annual coupon rate is 9%. The par value of the bond is $1,000. The bond currently sells for $1,000. What is the yield to maturity?

Chapter 9 (pages 303–203):

1. Assume Evco, Inc., has a current price of $50 and will pay a $2 dividend in 1 year, and its equity cost of capital is 15%. What price must you expect it to sell for right after paying the dividend in 1 year in order to justify its current price?5.NoGrowth Corporation currently pays a dividend of $2 per year, and it will continue to pay this dividend forever. What is the price per share if its equity cost of capital is 15% per year?

6.Summit Systems will pay a dividend of $1.50 this year. If you expect Summit’s dividend to grow by 6% per year, what is its price per share if its equity cost of capital is 11%?

7.Dorpac Corporation has a dividend yield of 1.5%. Dorpac’s equity cost of capital is 8%, and its dividends are expected to grow at a constant rate.

a. What is the expected growth rate of Dorpac’s dividends?

b. What is the expected growth rate of Dorpac’s share price?12. Procter & Gamble will pay an annual dividend of $0.65 1 year from now. Analysts expect this dividend to grow at 12% per year thereafter until the fifth year. After then, growth will level off at 2% per year. According to the dividend-discount model, what is the value of a share of Procter & Gamble stock if the firm’s equity cost of capital is 8%?

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## FIN 515 Managerial Finance Week 4 Discussion 2 Differences in YTM of Real Life Bonds Answer

**FIN 515 Managerial Finance Week 4 Discussion 2 Differences in YTM of Real Life Bonds Answer**

**FIN 515 Managerial Finance Week 4 Discussion 2 Differences in YTM of Real Life Bonds Answer**

Differences in YTM of Real Life Bonds

Do some research, probably on the Web, and find some bonds with differing yields to maturity (YTM). How do you explain the difference? Both the lecture and the textbook discuss some factors that may lead to this difference.

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## FIN 515 Managerial Finance Week 4 Discussion 1 Market Value of a Stock Versus DDM Value Answer

**FIN 515 Managerial Finance Week 4 Discussion 1 Market Value of a Stock Versus DDM Value Answer**

**FIN 515 Managerial Finance Week 4 Discussion 1 Market Value of a Stock Versus DDM Value Answer**

Market Value of a Stock Versus DDM Value

Select a stock in which you are interested. Calculate its per share value using the DDM or another method discussed in Chapter 9. Then find the current market value of a share of the stock. Compare that two. Can you explain the similarity or difference?

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## FIN 515 Managerial Finance Week 3 First Course Project Answer

**FIN 515 Managerial Finance Week 3 First Course Project Answer**

**FIN 515 Managerial Finance Week 3 First Course Project Answer**

First Course Project

The purpose of this project is to help you develop skills not only in performing the calculations behind financial analysis but interpreting the numbers as well.

You are to pick a company. You should pick one either from the industry in which you are currently working or an industry in which you are interested. You could also pick a division of a company. It is imperative to use that sufficient data about your company and that it is available. One way to do this is to pick a publicly held company. If you pick a privately held company or a division of a company, make sure that the data necessary to do a significant financial analysis is available.

If you use data that is not publicly available, be sure to talk to your manager and to make absolutely sure that revealing that data is not a problem.

You will also need to find a standard against which to compare your findings. This could be a different company in the same industry. This could also be the same company at a different time. Additionally, average or benchmark numbers are available for several industries. If you decide to use a different company in the same industry or the same company at a different time, make sure that there are enough differences between the two to make an analysis meaningful.

After you have selected a company, put yourself in the place of an analyst who has been asked to perform an analysis of the company and provide a recommendation to management.

Use ratio analysis, common size analysis, or other techniques to determine areas in which the company is doing well as well as areas that management should look at. Then, present your analysis and recommendations in the form of a paper.

A good place to start would be to perform a complete DuPont analysis of the company and compare it to the standard. The DuPont analysis might provide guidance as to what particular areas of the company should be examined next and what ratios should be calculated. If the DuPont analysis does not reveal anything useful, you might wish to calculate several of the ratios that are available to you.

Deliverable

The completed paper should be about 1,000 words long. In the paper, you do not have to explain the ratios in depth. You may assume that the reader has a basic understanding of finance and knows what ratio analysis is, although he or she might not be able to list all the ratios and how to calculate them from memory. The reader is not going to want a lot of background about financial analysis. He or she really wants information that he or she can apply to the given situation, which is the company that you have selected.

If you like, you can write the paper in the form of a memo to management. You do not have to cite your source for how to calculate the ratios. You do need to provide a reference to where you got that data not only for your subject company but for the other company or standard to which you compared your company.

• The spirit of this assignment is for you to calculate and interpret the results. The purpose is not for you to find calculations and interpretations that have been done by someone else.

• The paper is expected to conform to the standards for graduate school writing.

• The purpose of your analysis is internal evaluation. Refrain from using stock market valuation ratios.

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## FIN 515 Managerial Finance Week 3 Problem Set Answer

**FIN 515 Managerial Finance Week 3 Problem Set Answer**

**FIN 515 Managerial Finance Week 3 Problem Set Answer**

Week 3 Problem Set

1.Your brother wants to borrow $10,000 from you. He has offered to pay you back $12,000 in a year. If the cost of capital of this investment opportunity is 10%, what is its NPV? Should you undertake the investment opportunity? Calculate the IRR and use it to determine the maximum deviation allowable in the cost of capital estimate to leave the decision unchanged.

8.You are considering an investment in a clothes distributor. The company needs $100,000 today and expects to repay you $120,000 in a year from now. What is the IRR of this investment opportunity? Given the riskiness of the investment opportunity, your cost of capital is 20%. What does the IRR rule say about whether you should invest?

19.You are a real estate agent thinking of placing a sign advertising your services at a local bus stop. The sign will cost $5,000 and will be posted for one year. You expect that it will generate additional revenue of $500 per month. What is the payback period?

21.You are deciding between two mutually exclusive investment opportunities. Both require the same initial investment of $10 million. Investment A will generate $2 million per year (starting at the end of the first year) in perpetuity. Investment B will generate $1.5 million at the end of the first year and its revenues will grow at 2% per year for every year after that.

• a. Which investment has the higher IRR?

• b. Which investment has the higher NPV when the cost of capital is 7%?

• c. In this case, for what values of the cost of capital does picking the higher IRR give the correct answer as to which investment is the best opportunity?Chapter 8 (260–262)

1. Pisa Pizza, a seller of frozen pizza, is considering introducing a healthier version of its pizza that will be low in cholesterol and contain no trans fats. The firm expects that sales of the new pizza will be $20 million per year. While many of these sales will be to new customers, Pisa Pizza estimates that 40% will come from customers who switch to the new, healthier pizza instead of buying the original version.

a. Assume customers will spend the same amount on either version. What level of incremental sales is associated with introducing the new pizza?

b. Suppose that 50% of the customers who will switch from Pisa Pizza’s original pizza to its healthier pizza will switch to another brand if Pisa Pizza does not introduce a healthier pizza. What level of incremental sales is associated with introducing the new pizza in this case?6. Cellular Access, Inc. is a cellular telephone service provider that reported net income of $250 million for the most recent fiscal year. The firm had depreciation expenses of $100 million, capital expenditures of $200 million, and no interest expenses. Working capital increased by $10 million. Calculate the free cash flow for Cellular Access for the most recent fiscal year.

12. A bicycle manufacturer currently produces 300,000 units a year and expects output levels to remain steady in the future. It buys chains from an outside supplier at a price of $2 a chain. The plant manager believes that it would be cheaper to make these chains rather than buy them. Direct in-house production costs are estimated to be only $1.50 per chain. The necessary machinery would cost $250,000 and would be obsolete after 10 years. This investment could be depreciated to zero for tax purposes using a 10-year straight-line depreciation schedule. The plant manager estimates that the operation would require $50,000 of inventory and other working capital upfront (year 0), but argues that this sum can be ignored because it is recoverable at the end of the 10 years. Expected proceeds from scrapping the machinery after 10 years are $20,000.

If the company pays tax at a rate of 35% and the opportunity cost of capital is 15%, what is the net present value of the decision to produce the chains in-house instead of purchasing them from the supplier?

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## FIN 515 Managerial Finance Week 3 Discussion 2 Capital Budgeting Terms and Considerations Answer

**FIN 515 Managerial Finance Week 3 Discussion 2 Capital Budgeting Terms and Considerations Answer**

**FIN 515 Managerial Finance Week 3 Discussion 2 Capital Budgeting Terms and Considerations Answer**

Capital Budgeting Terms and Considerations

Our textbook and lecture discuss some considerations that should be taken into account when doing capital budgeting. How will these considerations affect the project you described in the other topic? Incremental earnings, interest expenses, taxes, opportunity costs, externalities, sunk costs, cannibalization or erosion, depreciation, and salvage value; as well as others.

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